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This research describes a noninvasive, noncontact method used to quantitatively analyze the functional characteristics of tissue. Multispectral images collected at several near-infrared wavelengths are input into a mathematical optical skin model that considers the contributions from different analytes in the epidermis and dermis skin layers. Through a(More)
Traumatic cerebral vascular injury (TCVI) is a very frequent, if not universal, feature after traumatic brain injury (TBI). It is likely responsible, at least in part, for functional deficits and TBI-related chronic disability. Because there are multiple pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies that promote vascular health, TCVI is an attractive target(More)
The incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the United States was 3.5 million cases in 2009, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a contributing factor in 30.5% of injury-related deaths among civilians. Additionally, since 2000, more than 260,000 service members were diagnosed with TBI, with the vast majority classified as(More)
The ability to assess frontal lobe function in a rapid, objective, and standardized way, without the need for expertise in cognitive test administration might be particularly helpful in mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), where objective measures are needed. Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a reliable technique to noninvasively measure local(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of blood vessels, is a process whereby capillary sprout are formed in response to external stimuli. We model the tumor induced angiogenesis on keys events such of migratory response of endothelial cells to tumor angiogenic factors and the local cell interaction with the extracellular matrix (ECM). We consider the ECM medium as a(More)
Noncontact optical imaging of curved objects can result in strong artifacts due to the object's shape, leading to curvature biased intensity distributions. This artifact can mask variations due to the object's optical properties, and makes reconstruction of optical/physiological properties difficult. In this work we demonstrate a curvature correction method(More)
Multispectral images of skin contain information on the spatial distribution of biological chromophores, such as blood and melanin. From this, parameters such as blood volume and blood oxygenation can be retrieved using reconstruction algorithms. Most such approaches use some form of pixelwise or volumetric reconstruction code. We explore the use of(More)
We describe a novel reconstruction algorithm based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) applied to multi-spectral imaging data. Using numerical phantoms, based on a two layered skin model developed previously, we found analytical expressions, which convert qualitative PCA results into quantitative blood volume and oxygenation values, assuming the epidermal(More)
We propose a mathematical model that describes the formation of gradients of different isoforms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF is crucial in the process of tumor-induced angiogenesis, and recent experiments strongly suggest that the molecule is most potent when bound to the extracellular matrix (ECM). Using a system of reaction-diffusion(More)
Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) can non-invasively capture dynamic cognitive activation and underlying physiological processes by measuring changes in oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin levels, correlated to brain activation. It is a portable, inexpensive and user-friendly device which is easily adapted to the outpatient setting for the assessment of(More)