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To gain better insight in the most current diagnosis and treatment practices for phenylketonuria (PKU) from a broad group of experts, a European PKU survey was performed. The questionnaire, consisting of 33 questions, was sent to 243 PKU professionals in 165 PKU centers in 23 European countries. The responses were compiled and descriptive analyses were(More)
Inhibition of prepotent responding and attentional flexibility were assessed in 58 early and continuously treated phenylketonuria (PKU) patients and 69 controls, age 7 to 14 years. A computerized task was used requiring participants to process consecutive stimuli according to various attentional sets. Analysis of error rate suggested poorer inhibition of(More)
Fifty-seven 7-14-year-old early- and continuously treated phenylketonuria (PKU) patients and 65 matched controls performed a sustained attention task. PKU patients with plasma phenylalanine (phe) levels higher than 360 micromol/l at the time of testing exhibited, compared to controls, lower speed of information processing, a lower ability to inhibit(More)
BACKGROUND Tyrosinemia type I is associated with an increased risk of liver cancer development. The formation of the pathogenic fumarylacetoacetate is prevented by 2-(2-nitro-4-3 trifluoro-methylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC). Still, some patients with NTBC treatment develop liver cancer. A rise of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is an indicator of liver(More)
Left untreated, phenylketonuria biochemically results in high phenylalanine concentrations in blood and tissues, and clinically especially in severe mental retardation. Treatment consists of severe dietary restriction of phenylalanine with more or less normal intellectual outcome as result when started early enough. It is unclear whether treatment for life(More)
Dysmorphic features, multisystem disease, and central nervous system involvement are common symptoms in congenital disorders of glycosylation, including several recently discovered Golgi-related glycosylation defects. In search for discriminative features, we assessed eleven children suspected with a Golgi-related inborn error of glycosylation. We evaluated(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation type I (CDG-I) form a growing group of recessive neurometabolic diseases. Identification of disease genes is compromised by the enormous heterogeneity in clinical symptoms and the large number of potential genes involved. Until now, gene identification included the sequential application of biochemical methods in blood(More)
UNLABELLED We studied the possibility and safety of a new approach to breast-feeding infants with phenylketonuria (PKU). We compared a group of PKU infants being breast-fed according to our new protocol with a group of PKU infants receiving formula only. The breast-fed group consisted of nine infants born between 1994 and 1999 being breast-fed at the time(More)
This study addressed two questions: is there an effect of dietary interventions that induce relatively small changes in phenylalanine (Phe) concentration on neuropsychological outcome of early- and continuously treated phenylketonuria (PKU) patients, and are there differences in effects for PKU children and adolescents? To answer the first question, the(More)
Mitochondrial complex I deficiency is the most common defect of the oxidative phosphorylation system. We report a patient with Leigh syndrome who showed a complex I deficiency expressed in cultured fibroblasts and muscle tissue. To find the genetic cause of the complex I deficiency, we screened the mitochondrial DNA and the nuclear-encoded subunits of(More)