Francjan J. van Spronsen

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Fifty-seven 7-14-year-old early- and continuously treated phenylketonuria (PKU) patients and 65 matched controls performed a sustained attention task. PKU patients with plasma phenylalanine (phe) levels higher than 360 micromol/l at the time of testing exhibited, compared to controls, lower speed of information processing, a lower ability to inhibit(More)
Inhibition of prepotent responding and attentional flexibility were assessed in 58 early and continuously treated phenylketonuria (PKU) patients and 69 controls, age 7 to 14 years. A computerized task was used requiring participants to process consecutive stimuli according to various attentional sets. Analysis of error rate suggested poorer inhibition of(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a metabolic disorder that results in significant brain dysfunction if untreated. Although phenylalanine restricted diets instituted at birth have clearly improved PKU outcomes, neuropsychological deficits and neurological changes still represent substantial problems. The specific mechanisms by which Phe affects the brains of(More)
In this paper, we review neuropsychological test results of early and continuously treated Phenylketonuria (PKU) patients. To increase insight into the neuropsychological profile of this population, we have attempted to place the results within an attentional network model [Images of the mind, 1994], which proposes interacting but dissociable attentional(More)
Brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy in two patients with Leigh syndrome revealed the presence of lactate in gray and white matter brain tissue and relatively high choline levels in the white matter. The latter observation, most probably related to an ongoing demyelination process, underlines specific involvement of white matter metabolism in Leigh(More)
This study examined motor control in 61 early and continuously treated patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) and 69 control participants, aged 7 to 14 years. The pursuit task demanded concurrent planning and execution of unpredictable movements, whereas the tracking task required a highly automated circular movement that could be planned in advance. PKU(More)
In phenylketonuria, mental retardation is prevented by a diet that severely restricts natural protein and is supplemented with a phenylalanine-free amino acid mixture. The result is an almost normal outcome, although some neuropsychological disturbances remain. The pathology underlying cognitive dysfunction in phenylketonuria is unknown, although it is(More)
UNLABELLED A total of 33 patients with early and continuously-treated phenylketonuria (PKU) between 7 and 16 years of age and 33 matched controls participated in a study examining perceptual, central, and response-related mechanisms of information processing. The specific mechanisms studied were: perceptual filtering, memory search, response selection,(More)
Thirty patients with early and continuously treated phenylketonuria (PKU) between 8 and 20 years of age were compared with 30 controls, matched individually for age, sex, and educational level of both parents, on behaviour rating scales for parents and teachers as well as a school achievement scale. PKU patients, as a group, demonstrated more problems in(More)
Notwithstanding the success of the traditional dietary phenylalanine restriction treatment in phenylketonuria (PKU), the use of large neutral amino acid (LNAA) supplementation rather than phenylalanine restriction has been suggested. This treatment modality deserves attention as it might improve cognitive outcome and quality of life in patients with PKU.(More)