Franciso J Blanco

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Chondrocytes stimulated with IL-1 produce high levels of nitric oxide (NO), which inhibits proliferation induced by transforming growth factor-beta or serum. This study analyzes the role of NO and IL-1 in the induction of chondrocyte cell death. NO generated from sodium nitroprusside induced apoptosis in cultured chondrocytes as demonstrated by electron(More)
This study examined the immunoregulatory effects of anadamide, the recently identified first endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligand. Anadamide caused dose-dependent inhibition of mitogen-induced T and B lymphocyte proliferation. Its potency was 3- and 10-fold less than that of the synthetic cannabinoids delta 8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 8-THC) and(More)
This study analyzes cyclooxygenase II (COX-2) gene expression, protein synthesis, and PGE2 release in normal human articular chondrocytes. Stimulation of chondrocytes in primary culture resulted in a dose-dependent induction of COX-2 mRNA in response to IL-1 with an ED50 between 0.1 and 1 ng/ml. COX-2 mRNA was detectable after 2 h, reached high levels at 6(More)
Regulation of chondrocyte secretory functions and proliferation by cytokines and growth factors is central to cartilage development and maintenance of homeostasis in the mature organism. Depending on the type of extracellular stimulus, chondrocytes can be induced to enter a catabolic matrix degrading or anabolic matrix forming functional program.(More)
CXCL12 (stromal cell-derived factor-1) is a potent CXC chemokine that is constitutively expressed by stromal resident cells. Although it is considered a homeostatic rather than an inflammatory chemokine, CXCL12 has been immunodetected in different inflammatory diseases, but also in normal tissues, ant its potential functions and regulation in inflammation(More)
This study analyzed the effect of chondrocyte differentiation on iNOS expression and responses to IL-1 and TGF-beta. During subculturing of chondrocytes, the growth-stimulatory effects of TGF-beta decreased, and cells in later passages even were growth inhibited by TGF-beta. IL-1 beta responses showed an inverse pattern. The antiproliferative effects of(More)
IL-1 inhibits chondrocyte proliferation induced by TGF beta or serum. This study analyzed the role of nitric oxide (NO), which is induced at high levels by IL-1 in chondrocytes. NO, when administered through sodium nitroprusside (SNP), inhibited TGF beta or serum-induced chondrocyte proliferation. To determine whether IL-1-induced NO is responsible for(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine growth factor responses of human articular chondrocytes in aging and development. We have previously established a growth factor response profile for adult human articular chondrocytes and shown that transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) is the most potent mitogen among a variety of factors tested. METHODS Chondrocytes were(More)
ILA, a gene induced by lymphocyte activation, is a member of the human nerve growth factor tumor necrosis factor receptor family and the human homologue of murine 4-1BB. The present study analyzed the role of ILA in the regulation of human peripheral blood T-lymphocyte function. Antibodies raised against different fusion proteins recognized ILA on activated(More)
Articular cartilage chondrocytes have the unique ability to elaborate large amounts of extracellular pyrophosphate (PPi), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) appears singular among cartilage regulatory factors in stimulating PPi production. TGF beta caused a time and dose-dependent increase in intracellular and extracellular PPi in human(More)