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We report in this study that, in the cerebellum, the pancreatic transcription factor Ptf1a is required for the specific generation of Purkinje cells (PCs) and interneurons. Moreover, granule cell progenitors in the external GCL (EGL) appear to be unaffected by deletion of Ptf1a. Cell lineage analysis in Ptf1a(Cre/Cre) mice was used to establish that, in the(More)
Gastrulation in rodents is associated with an increase in the rate of growth and with the start of differentiation within the embryo proper. In an effort to understand the role played by the cell cycle control in these processes, expression of cyclin D1, D2, and D3--three major positive regulators of the G1/S transition--has been investigated by in situ(More)
Extracellular signalling cues play a major role in the activation of differentiation programmes. Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent and can differentiate into a wide variety of specialized cells. Recently, protocols designed to induce endocrine pancreatic differentiation in vitro have been designed but little information is currently available(More)
Malignant transformation, invasion and angiogenesis rely on the coordinated reprogramming of gene expression in the cells from which the tumor originated. Although deregulated gene expression has been extensively studied at genomic and epigenetic scales, the contribution of the regulation of mRNA-specific translation to this reprogramming is not well(More)
Phenotypic heterogeneity is a characteristic feature of tumor lesions in patients with melanoma. Variability can be observed in cell morphology, pigmentation, and antigen expression. To test whether phenotypic heterogeneity could be the result of events regulated during cell differentiation, we evaluated the expression of a panel of differentiation traits(More)
We performed a multistage genome-wide association study including 7,683 individuals with pancreatic cancer and 14,397 controls of European descent. Four new loci reached genome-wide significance: rs6971499 at 7q32.3 (LINC-PINT, per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.74-0.84, P = 3.0 × 10(-12)), rs7190458 at 16q23.1(More)
Exposure for 24 h of mucus-secreting HT-29 cells to the sugar analogue GalNAc-␣-O-benzyl results in inhibition of Gal ␤ 1-3GalNAc: ␣ 2,3-sialyltransferase, reduced mucin sialylation, and inhibition of their secre-To determine the effects of prolonged inhibition of sialyla-tion, differentiated HT-29 populations were grown under permanent exposure to(More)
Analyses of genome-wide association study (GWAS) data have revealed that detectable genetic mosaicism involving large (>2 Mb) structural autosomal alterations occurs in a fraction of individuals. We present results for a set of 24,849 genotyped individuals (total GWAS set II [TGSII]) in whom 341 large autosomal abnormalities were observed in 168 (0.68%)(More)
Analysis of the humoral immune response of patients with melanoma has identified a small group of individuals with antibody to cell surface antigens that are restricted to autologous melanoma cells. These antigens, referred to as Class I or unique tumor antigens, are demonstrated by reactions between serum and cultured melanoma cells from the same patient(More)
Human malignant melanoma cells express specific chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (mel-CSPG) on the surface, both in vivo and in vitro. Melanocytes in normal skin show no detectable mel-CSPG but can be induced to express the antigen when cultured in the presence of cholera toxin and the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate. Most other cell(More)