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Bladder cancer has been associated with exposure to chlorination by-products in drinking water, and experimental evidence suggests that exposure also occurs through inhalation and dermal absorption. The authors examined whether bladder cancer risk was associated with exposure to trihalomethanes (THMs) through ingestion of water and through inhalation and(More)
We studied the surface delivery pathways followed by newly synthesized plasma membrane proteins in intestinal cells. To this end, we developed an assay and characterized an epithelial cell line (SK-CO-15) derived from human colon adenocarcinoma. Polarized confluent monolayers (2000 omega.cm2), grown on polycarbonate filter chambers, were pulsed with(More)
BACKGROUND Many reported associations between common genetic polymorphisms and complex diseases have not been confirmed in subsequent studies. An exception could be the association between NAT2 slow acetylation, GSTM1 null genotype, and bladder-cancer risk. However, current evidence is based on meta-analyses of relatively small studies (range 23-374 cases)(More)
HT-29 cells resistant to 10(-6) M methotrexate (HT29-MTX) secrete mucins with gastric immunoreactivity (Lesuffleur, T., Barbat, A., Dussaulx, E., and Zweibaum, A. (1990) Cancer Res. 50, 6334-6343). A 3310-base pair mucin cDNA clone (L31) was isolated from an HT29-MTX expression library using a polyclonal serum specific for normal gastric mucosa. It shows a(More)
The K-ras, p53, p16 and DPC4 genes are among those most frequently altered in pancreatic ductal carcinoma. We analyzed 22 cell lines for alterations in these genes by direct sequence analysis and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. These cell lines showed mutations in K-ras and p53 at frequencies of 91% and 95%, respectively. Alterations in(More)
Bladder tumors constitute a very heterogeneous disease. Superficial tumors are characterized by a high prevalence of FGFR3 mutations and chromosome 9 alterations. High-grade and muscle-invasive tumors are characterized by Tp53 mutations and aneuploidy. We have analyzed the sequence of exons 9 and 20 of PIK3CA in a panel of bladder tumors covering the whole(More)
BACKGROUND Hotspot mutations in the promoter of the gene coding for telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) have been described and proposed to activate gene expression. OBJECTIVES To investigate TERT mutation frequency, spectrum, association with expression and clinical outcome, and potential for detection of recurrences in urine in patients with(More)
Mucin expression was analysed, in relation to cell growth, in parental HT-29 cells and in two populations of mucus-secreting HT-29 cells selected by adaptation to methotrexate (HT29-MTX) or 5-fluorouracil (HT29-FU). These two populations express mature mucins that differ in their immunoreactivity to antibodies against gastric (HT29-MTX) or colonic mucins(More)
BACKGROUND Bladder cancer has been linked with long-term exposure to disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking water. OBJECTIVES In this study we investigated the combined influence of DBP exposure and polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferase (GSTT1, GSTZ1) and cytochrome P450 (CYP2E1) genes in the metabolic pathways of selected by-products on bladder(More)
We report in this study that, in the cerebellum, the pancreatic transcription factor Ptf1a is required for the specific generation of Purkinje cells (PCs) and interneurons. Moreover, granule cell progenitors in the external GCL (EGL) appear to be unaffected by deletion of Ptf1a. Cell lineage analysis in Ptf1a(Cre/Cre) mice was used to establish that, in the(More)