Francisco Suso Vargas

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OBJECTIVES To review our experience with thoracoscopy and talc poudrage during the previous 15 years with regards to efficacy, side effects, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS Six hundred fourteen consecutive patients (58.6% female; mean age, 54.5 years) underwent thoracoscopy with talc poudrage from August 1983 to May 1999. Of these, 457 patients had(More)
Parenteral tetracycline, one of the most commonly used agents for producing pleurodesis, is no longer available because of stricter regulations governing the manufacturing process. The objective of this project was to determine whether minocycline, a tetracycline derivative, is an effective sclerosant in an experimental model in rabbits. We also studied the(More)
The ideal agent to produce pleurodesis has not been identified. Tetracycline, the drug used most commonly in the 1980s, is no longer available. Talc either aerosolized or in a slurry is the agent used just most commonly at the present time, but there are concerns about its safety. Another possibility is silver nitrate, which was widely used in the past, but(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy and the safety of talc slurry and silver nitrate (SN) in the treatment of symptomatic malignant pleural effusions. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty patients were enrolled into the study, and all received a chest tube (26F or 28F) that was placed using local anesthesia. The patients were randomized to receive either 5 g(More)
Insufflated talc is probably the most effective agent for creating a pleurodesis both in the clinical situation and in animals. However, the insufflation of talc requires an invasive procedure such as thoracoscopy or thoracotomy. Recently, there have been reports that talc in a slurry was effective in the clinical situation. The objective of this project(More)
We undertook the present study with the following objectives: (1) to compare the difference between the end-tidal and the arterial carbondioxide concentration (P[ETa] CO2) gradients at rest and during exercise in normal subjects and patients with COPD; and (2) to analyze the factors contributing to this gradient. We studied seven normal subjects and seven(More)
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) adversely affects pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Although several previous studies have addressed these changes, none has measured the forced vital capacity (FVC) on a daily basis. The purpose of the present study was to assess serial changes in the FVC following CABG and to identify factors that may influence(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE s: To determine whether talc (TL) and silver nitrate (SN), two effective pleurodesis agents, induce a systemic inflammatory response in the acute phase of experimental pleurodesis in rabbits. DESIGN Samples of blood and pleural fluid were collected after 6, 24, and 48 h from rabbits injected intrapleurally with 3 mL saline solution, TL(More)
Although reports on pleurodesis date back to the beginning of the 20th century, the search for the ideal sclerosing agent is ongoing. Several agents have been studied and used, but talc continues to be the most popular. However, potentially harmful systemic side effects have been associated with talc pleurodesis. In this article we discuss the likely(More)