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The evaluation of metabolic risk factor in children with renal stone disease is the basis of medical treatment aimed at preventing recurrent stone events and the growth of preexisting calculi. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the metabolic risk factors and clinical and family histories of 90 children with kidney stone disease who had been referred(More)
In recent decades there has been an increasing prevalence of urolitithiasis in many western countries and at the same time there has been an increasing progression of obesity that has reached epidemic proportions. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of overweight/obesity on the metabolic risk factors for renal stone formation. We(More)
Nephrolithiasis is a frequent condition in urology that has an important recurrence and high impact in health economy. Knowing the biochemical abnormalities implicated in its pathogenesis is mandatory to establish therapeutic aims. Our objectives are to present the results in 3040 kidney stone formers in Argentina. All patients were selected after(More)
INTRODUCTION The most frequent urine metabolic risk factor in adults is idiopathic hypercalciuria while in children is hypocitraturia. If there is really a change of metabolic abnormalities with age it would be interesting to study risk factors in the intermediate population: young adults. OBJECTIVE We evaluated metabolic risk factors, clinical(More)
In the last twenty five years aminobisphosphonates have became the drugs of choice for the treatment of osteoporosis. They strongly inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption and reduce the incidence of new fractures in patients with established osteoporosis, but their long half-life and their chronic effects on bone physiology are a matter of concern.(More)
Bone mineral density was studied in 50 adult patients with renal lithiasis and metabolic diagnosis of idiopathic hypercalciuria. Thirty were premenopausal women and 20 were men under 55 years of age, Bone density at the lumbar spine (LSBD) was 0.940 +/- 0.106 g/cm2 in the hypercalciuric patients compared to 1.112 +/- 0.037 g/cm2 in a cohort of age- and(More)
It is known that several metabolic abnormalities that favor stone formation have a strong dependence on environmental and nutritional factors. The incidence and prevalence of kidney stone is increasing while there has been a parallel growth in the overweight/obesity rate, and epidemiologic studies have shown a significant association between(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the urine metabolic changes induced by sustained potassium citrate (KCit) treatment in patients with either hypocitraturia (HCit) or "unduly acidic urine pH" (UAUpH), and to determine the remission rate in those patients treated for more than 24 months. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 215 adult patients with(More)
The composition of urine is influenced by diet and changes in dietary factors have been proposed to modify the risk of recurrent nephrolithiasis. Nutrients that have been implicated include calcium, oxalate, sodium, animal protein, magnesium and potassium. There is significant evidence showing that a high calcium diet is associated with a reduction of(More)
Oral bisphosphonates comprise the most widely prescribed class of antiosteoporotic drugs. Recent reports, however, suggest a link between prolonged bisphosphonate use and atypical low-energy, subtrochanteric fractures. We describe the clinical course of two patient treated for a long term with different bisphosphonates who developed subtrochanteric atypical(More)