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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Some clinical models, like California ABCD and unified ABCD2 scores, are now available to predict the early risk of stroke after a TIA. Despite the transitivity of symptoms, DWI identified an area of acute brain ischemia in almost half of patients. It would be interesting to know how the presence of DWI abnormalities relates to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ABCD system was developed to predict early stroke risk after transient ischemic attack. Incorporation of brain imaging findings has been suggested, but reports have used inconsistent methods and been underpowered. We therefore performed an international, multicenter collaborative study of the prognostic performance of the ABCD(2)(More)
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OBJECTIVE diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is a sensitive diagnostic tool for detecting acute ischaemic lesions in patients with transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs). The additional predictive value of DWI lesion patterns is not well known. METHODS two hundred and fifty-four consecutive patients with TIA underwent DWI within 7 days of(More)
INTRODUCTION Update of Acute Ischaemic Stroke Treatment Guidelines of the Spanish Neurological Society based on a critical review of the literature. Recommendations are made based on levels of evidence from published data and studies. DEVELOPMENT Organized systems of care should be implemented to ensure access to the optimal management of all acute stroke(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The risk of recurrent stroke is highest within the first few weeks after a transient ischemic attack (TIA), and it is likely to be related to the underlying pathology. We sought to study the early risk of recurrent stroke by etiologic subtype. METHODS We prospectively studied 388 TIA patients. The cause of TIA was classified(More)
Background. Although the burden of stroke in terms of mortality and disability has been well documented in previous years, data after 2000 are limited. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to identify the epidemiology of stroke in the US and EU5 nations from data published in 2000 and later. Methods. Data from literature databases and online sources were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to evaluate the effects of administration of microbubbles (MBs) on the beginning, speed, and degree of middle cerebral artery (MCA) recanalization during systemic thrombolysis and continuous 2-MHz pulsed-wave transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring. METHODS We evaluated 111 patients with acute stroke attributable to MCA(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently, a new definition of transient ischemic attack (TIA) has been proposed based on the duration of symptoms and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) findings. We investigate the value of temporal and neuroimaging data on the prognoses of TIA patients. METHODS Clinical data, symptom duration, DWI, and ultrasonographic findings were(More)
BACKGROUND The ankle brachial index (ABI) is a known measure of lower-limb peripheral artery disease (PAD), as well as a marker for other cardiovascular disease events. OBJECTIVE Our goal was to compare the prevalence of abnormal ABI scores (ABI <or= 0.9) between: consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke (IS), primary care patients with refractory(More)