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Colonization of the highway area by immigrants from other parts of the country began in mid-1971. By March 1973 about 22,000 immigrants had settled along three different sections of the road which had already been completed. It was logical to assume that these people would come into contact with certain zoonotic agents such as arboviruses and leishmanias,(More)
A serosurvey of domestic rats was conducted in several South American cities between September 1982 and March 1983 for evidence of hantavirus infection. Antibody-positive rats were found in Belem, São Paulo and Recife-Olinda, Brazil and in Buenos Aires, Argentina, with the highest antibody prevalence rate detected in Belem (30 positive of 54 tested, 56%). A(More)
About two-thirds of the world's population live in areas infested with dengue vectors, mainly Aedes aegypti. All four dengue viruses are circulating, sometimes simultaneously, in most of these areas. It is estimated that up to 80 million persons become infected annually although marked underreporting results in the notification of much smaller figures.(More)
An overview of ecological, epidemiological and clinical findings of potential arthropod-borne encephalitis viruses circulating in the Amazon Region of Brazil are discussed. These viruses are the Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), Western Equine Encephalitis (WEE), St. Louis Encephalitis (SLE), Mucambo (MUC) and Pixuna (PIX). These last two are subtypes (III(More)
In the last 15 years, dengue fever has emerged as a major health problem in tropical America. Prevention and control of epidemic disease are enhanced by the rapid identification of new or increased dengue activity. Most surveillance systems, however, identify cases by clinical case reports and, therefore, lack the sensitivity needed for early detection.(More)
We report the potential risk for an infectious disease through tainted transfusion in 10 countries of South and Central America in 1993 and in two countries of South America in 1994, as well as the cost of reagents as partial estimation of screening costs. Of the 12 countries included in the study, nine screened all donors for HIV; three screened all donors(More)