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1. The effects of an oral daily dose (10 mg kg(-1)) of the flavonoid quercetin for 5 weeks in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were analysed. 2. Quercetin induced a significant reduction in systolic (-18%), diastolic (-23%) and mean (-21%) arterial blood pressure and heart rate (-12%) in SHR but not in WKY rats. 3.(More)
1. The present study was undertaken to analyse the mechanism of the contractile response induced by the bioflavonoid myricetin in isolated rat aortic rings. 2. Myricetin induced endothelium-dependent contractile responses (maximal value=21+/-2% of the response induced by 80 mM KCl and pD2=5.12+/-0.03). This effect developed slowly, reached a peak within 6(More)
The effects of quercetin were studied on contractile responses induced by noradrenaline, high KCl, Ca2+ and phorbol 12-myristate,13-acetate in rat aortic strips and on spontaneous mechanical activity in rat portal vein segments. Quercetin, 10(-6)-10(-4) M, inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner the contractions induced by noradrenaline, high KCl and(More)
Fructose feeding induces a moderate increase in blood pressure levels in normal rats that is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. The sympathetic nervous system seems to participate in the alterations of this model. To further explore the mechanisms underlying fructose-induced hypertension, the effects of the AT1(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Several studies have found that chronic treatment with the dietary flavonoid quercetin lowers blood pressure and restores endothelial dysfunction in hypertensive animal models. We hypothesized that increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and/or decreased nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase protein(More)
The dietary flavonoid quercetin reduces blood pressure and improves endothelial function in several rat models of hypertension. We analyzed the effects of quercetin and its methylated metabolite isorhamnetin on the aortic endothelial dysfunction induced by incubation with angiotensin II (AngII) in vitro for 6 h. AngII diminished the relaxant responses to(More)
Flavonols, and specially quercetin, are widely distributed in plants and are present in considerable amounts in fruits and vegetables. In addition to their anti-oxidant effect, flavonols interfere with a large number of biochemical signaling pathways and, therefore, physiological and pathological processes. There is solid evidence that, in vitro, quercetin(More)
1. The vasorelaxant effects of seven NA+ channel blockers (i.e., class I antiarrhythmic agents), quinidine, disopyramide, imipramine, lidocaine, mexiletine, flecainide, and desipramine, were investigated in isolated endothelium-denuded rat aorta. 2. All drugs induced a concentration-dependent relaxation in aorta precontracted with either 80 mM KCl or 10(-5)(More)
The soya-derived phytoestrogen genistein has been suggested to be protective in cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we have analysed whether chronic oral genistein might influence endothelial function in male SHRs (spontaneously hypertensive rats) via ERs (oestrogen receptors), changes in eNOS (endothelial NO synthase) activity and vascular(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of the isoflavones genistein and daidzein, and the mammalian estrogen 17beta-estradiol on endothelial function in isolated aortic rings from male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Relaxation to acetylcholine on precontracted rings was impaired and endothelium-dependent(More)