Francisco Perez-Vizcaino

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1. The effects of an oral daily dose (10 mg kg(-1)) of the flavonoid quercetin for 5 weeks in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were analysed. 2. Quercetin induced a significant reduction in systolic (-18%), diastolic (-23%) and mean (-21%) arterial blood pressure and heart rate (-12%) in SHR but not in WKY rats. 3.(More)
Vascular aging is characterized by up-regulation of NADPH oxidase, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Previous studies demonstrate that the activity of the evolutionarily conserved NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 declines with age and that pharmacological activators of SIRT1 confer significant anti-aging cardiovascular effects. To determine(More)
The effects of quercetin were studied on contractile responses induced by noradrenaline, high KCl, Ca2+ and phorbol 12-myristate,13-acetate in rat aortic strips and on spontaneous mechanical activity in rat portal vein segments. Quercetin, 10(-6)-10(-4) M, inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner the contractions induced by noradrenaline, high KCl and(More)
Fructose feeding induces a moderate increase in blood pressure levels in normal rats that is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. The sympathetic nervous system seems to participate in the alterations of this model. To further explore the mechanisms underlying fructose-induced hypertension, the effects of the AT1(More)
Multiple lines of evidence indicate that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) and voltage-gated K+ (KV) channels play a central role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). We hypothesized that 5-HT might modulate the activity of KV channels, therefore establishing a link between these pathogenetic factors in PH. Here, we studied the effects(More)
Voltage-gated K+ channels (KV) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) play critical roles in controlling pulmonary arterial tone under physiological and pathological conditions. We hypothesized that TXA2 might inhibit KV channels, thereby establishing a link between these two major pathogenic pathways in pulmonary hypertension. The TXA2 analogue U46619 inhibited IK(V)(More)
In the present study, we analyzed changes in intracellular Ca2+ levels and inositol phosphate accumulation related to a population of alpha 1d-adrenoceptors in rat aorta resembling constitutively active receptors. Following intracellular Ca2+ store depletion by noradrenaline in Ca2+-free medium and removal of the agonist, restoration of extracellular Ca2+(More)
1. The present study was undertaken to analyse the mechanism of the contractile response induced by the bioflavonoid myricetin in isolated rat aortic rings. 2. Myricetin induced endothelium-dependent contractile responses (maximal value=21+/-2% of the response induced by 80 mM KCl and pD2=5.12+/-0.03). This effect developed slowly, reached a peak within 6(More)
Recent data suggest that diabetes is a risk factor for pulmonary hypertension. The aim of the present study was to analyze whether diabetes induces endothelial dysfunction in pulmonary arteries and the mechanisms involved. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control (saline) and a diabetic group (70 mg/kg(-1) streptozotocin). After 6 wk,(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of the isoflavones genistein and daidzein, and the mammalian estrogen 17beta-estradiol on endothelial function in isolated aortic rings from male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Relaxation to acetylcholine on precontracted rings was impaired and endothelium-dependent(More)