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1. The effects of an oral daily dose (10 mg kg(-1)) of the flavonoid quercetin for 5 weeks in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were analysed. 2. Quercetin induced a significant reduction in systolic (-18%), diastolic (-23%) and mean (-21%) arterial blood pressure and heart rate (-12%) in SHR but not in WKY rats. 3.(More)
Flavonols, and specially quercetin, are widely distributed in plants and are present in considerable amounts in fruits and vegetables. In addition to their anti-oxidant effect, flavonols interfere with a large number of biochemical signaling pathways and, therefore, physiological and pathological processes. There is solid evidence that, in vitro, quercetin(More)
Voltage-gated K+ channels (KV) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) play critical roles in controlling pulmonary arterial tone under physiological and pathological conditions. We hypothesized that TXA2 might inhibit KV channels, thereby establishing a link between these two major pathogenic pathways in pulmonary hypertension. The TXA2 analogue U46619 inhibited IK(V)(More)
Vascular aging is characterized by up-regulation of NADPH oxidase, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Previous studies demonstrate that the activity of the evolutionarily conserved NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 declines with age and that pharmacological activators of SIRT1 confer significant anti-aging cardiovascular effects. To determine(More)
The soya-derived phytoestrogen genistein has been suggested to be protective in cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we have analysed whether chronic oral genistein might influence endothelial function in male SHRs (spontaneously hypertensive rats) via ERs (oestrogen receptors), changes in eNOS (endothelial NO synthase) activity and vascular(More)
NADPH oxidase is critically involved in increased blood pressure, vascular hypertrophy, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in experimental and clinical hypertension. We hypothesized that NADPH oxidase might also play a role in the development of spontaneous aortic tone in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were used as(More)
The actions of opioid receptor agonists and antagonists were studied in isolated rat aortic strips. Morphine (10(-7)-10(-6) M) had no contractile effect on resting strips but when added during the relaxation of the contractions induced by 10(-9) M noradrenaline, it induced a contractile response which was blocked by naloxone. The selective mu-opioid(More)
The present study analysed the effects of the flavanol (-)-epicatechin in rats after chronic inhibition of NO synthesis with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), at doses equivalent to those achieved in the studies involving human subjects. Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: (1) control-vehicle, (2) L-NAME, (3) L-NAME-epicatechin 2(More)
Neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase)-derived ceramide has been proposed as a mediator of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV), a specific response of the pulmonary circulation. Voltage-gated K(+) (K(v)) channels are modulated by numerous vasoactive factors, including hypoxia, and their inhibition has been involved in HPV. Herein, we have analyzed the(More)
Quercetin is a dietary flavonoid which exerts vasodilator, antiplatelet and antiproliferative effects and reduces blood pressure, oxidative status and end-organ damage in humans and animal models of systemic hypertension. We hypothesized that oral quercetin treatment might be protective in a rat model of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Three weeks after(More)