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1. The effects of an oral daily dose (10 mg kg(-1)) of the flavonoid quercetin for 5 weeks in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were analysed. 2. Quercetin induced a significant reduction in systolic (-18%), diastolic (-23%) and mean (-21%) arterial blood pressure and heart rate (-12%) in SHR but not in WKY rats. 3.(More)
The soya-derived phytoestrogen genistein has been suggested to be protective in cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we have analysed whether chronic oral genistein might influence endothelial function in male SHRs (spontaneously hypertensive rats) via ERs (oestrogen receptors), changes in eNOS (endothelial NO synthase) activity and vascular(More)
NADPH oxidase is critically involved in increased blood pressure, vascular hypertrophy, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in experimental and clinical hypertension. We hypothesized that NADPH oxidase might also play a role in the development of spontaneous aortic tone in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were used as(More)
Quercetin is a dietary flavonoid which exerts vasodilator, antiplatelet and antiproliferative effects and reduces blood pressure, oxidative status and end-organ damage in humans and animal models of systemic hypertension. We hypothesized that oral quercetin treatment might be protective in a rat model of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Three weeks after(More)
Quercetin, the most abundant dietary flavonol, exerts vasodilator, anti-hypertensive, and anti-atherogenic effects and reduces the vascular remodelling associated with elevated blood pressure. Here, we have compared the effects of quercetin in intimal- and medial-type rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in culture. After 48 h, quercetin reduced the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Several studies have found that chronic treatment with the dietary flavonoid quercetin lowers blood pressure and restores endothelial dysfunction in hypertensive animal models. We hypothesized that increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and/or decreased nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase protein(More)
AIMS The mechanisms involved in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) are not yet fully defined. The aim of the study was to determine the role of protein kinase C zeta (PKCzeta) and neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase) in HPV. METHODS AND RESULTS Ceramide content was measured by immunocytochemistry and voltage-gated potassium channel (KV) currents were(More)
Multiple lines of evidence indicate that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) and voltage-gated K+ (KV) channels play a central role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). We hypothesized that 5-HT might modulate the activity of KV channels, therefore establishing a link between these pathogenetic factors in PH. Here, we studied the effects(More)
The flavonoid quercetin reduces blood pressure and endothelial dysfunction in animal models of hypertension. However, the results concerning the relationship between quercetin and NO present a complex picture. We have analyzed the mechanisms involved in the NO scavenging effects of quercetin and its repercussion on NO bioactivity in vascular smooth muscle.(More)
The blood pressure lowering effect of a fruit and vegetable-rich diet is a necessary dietary lifestyle measure now included the guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Furthermore, flavonoids represent a major class of plant polyphenolics. The present review addresses the antihypertensive effect of quercetin, one of the most abundant(More)