Francisco Murillo-Cabezas

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BACKGROUND Corticosteroids have been used to treat head injuries for more than 30 years. In 1997, findings of a systematic review suggested that these drugs reduce risk of death by 1-2%. The CRASH trial--a multicentre international collaboration--aimed to confirm or refute such an effect by recruiting 20000 patients. In May, 2004, the data monitoring(More)
The present study was designed to determine how traumatic brain injury affect executive functioning, to know whether different treatments in the acute phase improve this functioning, and to check whether the severity of the neurocognitive impairment is detected by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Ability for problem solving and executive functioning within(More)
OBJECTIVE Prolonged erythrocyte storage time might reduce the efficacy of transfusion. In this study, the effects of transfusion of erythrocytes with four different storage periods (<10 days, n = 18; 10-14 days, n = 15; 15-19 days, n = 17; and >19 days, n = 16 patients) on brain tissue oxygen tension (PtiO2) in stable male patients with severe traumatic(More)
To study the clinical features, management and prognostic factors associated with adverse clinical outcome in a series of patients with acute community-acquired bacterial meningitis admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Descriptive, prospective study at two ICUs of a university hospital over a 6-year period. Sixty-four episodes in 62 adults with acute(More)
INTRODUCTION This study tested the hypothesis that S100β is a useful screening tool for detecting intracranial lesion (IL) in patients with a normal level of consciousness after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS One hundred and forty-three post-TBI patients without a decrease in consciousness (GCS = 15) and with at least one neurological symptom (e.g.(More)
Despite improvements in the process of organ donation and transplants, the number of organ donors is progressively declining in developed countries. Therefore, the early detection of patients at risk for brain death (BD) is a priority for transplant teams seeking more efficient identification of potential donors. In the extensive literature on S100B as a(More)
Incidence rates of traumatic brain injury are high in both industrialized and non-industrialized countries and have been estimated variously to be between 150–250 cases per 100,000 population per year. The estimated incidence rates for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are between 10 to 25 cases per 100,000 population per year. Seasonal variation in the(More)
PURPOSE Early identification and treatment of intracranial haematomas in patients sustaining traumatic brain injury is fundamental to successful treatment. This pilot study evaluates the Infrascanner as a handheld medical screening tool for detection, in situ, of brain haematomas in patients with head injury. METHODS This study included 35 TBI patients(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major healthcare concern, constituting a major cause of death and disability throughout the world. Among the factors leading to TBI outcome are biochemical cascades which occur in response to primary and secondary injury. These mechanisms generate oxidative stress, an imbalance between oxidant and antioxidant agents that(More)