Francisco Muñoz

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We have studied the reactivity of glycolaldehyde (GLA) with N-acetyl-Cys and N-acetyl-Phe-Lys at physiological conditions of pH and temperature. The reaction between the N-Ac-Phe-Lys and GLA was studied in the presence of NaCNBH3 and then by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-UV/Vis. The reaction between N-Ac-Cys and GLA was followed by(More)
Glycosylation of proteins by glucose produces toxic and immunogenic compounds called 'advanced glycosylation end products' (AGEs), which are the origin of pathological symptoms in various chronic diseases. In this work, a kinetic study of the reaction between glucose (2) and pyridoxamine (1)--a potent inhibitor of AGEs formation both in vivo and in(More)
Mechanisms of the generation of carboxymethyl compounds Nε-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) and carboxymethyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (CM-PE) from the reactions between glyoxal and L-lysine, and glyoxal and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were studied using the DFT method at the PBE/DNP level of theory. In order to study the reaction with PE, a periodic model of(More)
Ischaemia was obtained in vitro by subjecting nerve-growth-factor-differentiated PC12 cells to glucose deprivation plus anoxia. During ischaemia the rate of protein synthesis was significantly inhibited, and eIF4E-binding protein (4E-BP1) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) were significantly dephosphorylated in parallel. In addition, ischaemia(More)
Pyridoxamine (PM) has long been known to inhibit protein glycation via various mechanisms of action. One such mechanism involves the scavenging of carbonyl compounds with glycating ability. Despite the abundant literature on this topic, few quantitative kinetic studies on the processes involved have been reported. In this work, we conducted a comparative(More)
An in vitro model of ischemia was obtained by subjecting PC12 cells differentiated with nerve growth factor to a combination of glucose deprivation plus anoxia. Immediately after the ischemic period, the protein synthesis rate was significantly inhibited (80%) and western blots of cell extracts revealed a significant accumulation of phosphorylated(More)
Amadori compounds act as precursors in the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) by non-enzymatic protein glycation, which are involved in ensuing protein damage. Pyridoxamine is a potent drug against protein glycation, and can act on several pathways in the glycation process. Nevertheless, the pyridoxamine inhibition action on Amadori(More)
The absorption and fluorescence spectra of the Schiff bases formed between 5'-deoxypyridoxal and n-hexylamine in aqueous media containing different concentrations of the cationic surfactant hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide were recorded at 25 degrees C. The quantum yields of fluorescence of the different zwitterionic and enol forms of the chemical species(More)
The study of touch has recently grown, due mainly to the extensive use of several types of actuators that stimulate several subsystems of touch. There is a widespread interest in applying these mechanisms to the study of the neurophysiological correlates of tactual perception. In this article, we present a new device (the tactile spinning wheel [TSW]) for(More)
Psychological and neurophysiological studies have investigated the peripheral neural mechanisms implicated in tactile roughness perception. However, the cortical mechanisms involved in roughness processing are not well understood. In the present study, we used behavioural data and event-related evoked potentials (ERPs) to investigate the extent to which two(More)