Francisco Molina

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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by the loss of motor neurons, resulting in progressive muscle atrophy. It is caused by the loss of functional survival motor neuron (SMN) protein due to mutations or deletion in the SMN1 gene. A potential treatment strategy for SMA is to upregulate levels(More)
OBJECTIVE The incidence of pressure ulcers in the literature varies from 4.7% to 18.6%. In our study, we have aimed to identify the incidence and risk factors associated with the occurrence of pressure ulcers in critically ill patients. SCOPE Medical-surgical intensive care unit. DESIGN Prospective observational study in the period of September 2005 to(More)
BACKGROUND Chemoradiotherapy is becoming an alternative to radical cystectomy among patients with bladder carcinoma invading muscle. In 1988, the authors began a protocol with methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (M-VAC regimen) and radiotherapy for these patients. Traditionally, age has been considered a determinant factor thereby(More)
Vibration white finger or hand-arm vibration syndrome is the episodic blanching of the fingers in response to cold occurring in those who work with hand held vibrating tools. Clinically the condition differs from primary Raynaud's phenomenon as persistent paraesthesiae and pain are common in the hands and arms and these occur independently from the 'white(More)
AIMS To compare the expression of the cell adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), ELAM-1 (E-selectin), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in cutaneous leucocytoclastic and lymphocytic vasculitis. METHODS Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on early lesional skin biopsy specimens of leucocytoclastic vasculitis (n(More)
The efficacy of surgery or radiotherapy as conventional treatment for stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is limited. Recent studies have pointed out that preoperative chemotherapy may improve survival. To reconcile the two approaches, we undertook a multidisciplinary randomized trial to examine the possible synergism between preoperative(More)
The observation that the proteins encoded by ras genes play a central role in the signalling pathways used by cells to respond to growth factors and the fact that mutated ras proteins are constantly promoting cell division have led to a PCR-based hunt for additional clinical information. In the present study, K-ras analysis draws the following conclusions:(More)
Background. This study investigated the antitumoral activity in colorectal cancer and toxicity of a 5-day continuous infusion of a new cytostatic agent, Mitonafide, that had previously shown to be neurotoxic when administered as a short daily × 5 days infusion. Patients and methods. Seventeen chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced or relapsed colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND Despite major advances in the treatment of many kinds of cancer over the past 25 years, the overall 5-year survival of non-small-cell lung cancer patients has scarcely improved. Even in stage I which has the best outcome long-term survival still falls below 70%. Since intriguing data suggest that the identification of genetic markers might allow(More)
Currently available cytotoxic drugs are only moderately active in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and prolong survival only slightly. In two published trials, single-agent paclitaxel (Taxol; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Princeton, NJ) was reported to have significant activity in NSCLC, with response rates of 21% and 24%. Treatment-limiting(More)