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Rationale of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia is conventionally believed to include two parts: shrinkage of the enlarged prostate gland as a result of PAE-induced ischemic infarction and potential effects to relax the increased prostatic smooth muscle tone by reducing the number and density of(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) of the prostate in healthy pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional ethics committee for animal research. Sixteen large white male pigs were randomly assigned to the embolization group (n = 8) or control group(More)
Pathological features of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) dictate various responses to prostatic artery embolization (PAE). Typically, BPH originates in the transition zone and periurethral region, where should be considered the primary target area in PAE procedures. Given that histological heterogeneity of components in hyperplasia nodules, epithelial or(More)
RATIONALE Inflammation and oxidative stress contribute to muscle dysfunction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Oxidants contained in cigarette smoke (CS) induce adverse effects on tissues through oxidative phenomena. OBJECTIVES To explore oxidative stress and inflammation in quadriceps of human smokers and in diaphragm and(More)
UNLABELLED Most work on visual prostheses has centered on developing retinal or cortical devices. However, when retinal implants are not feasible, neuroprostheses could be implanted in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of the thalamus, the intermediate relay station of visual information from the retina to the visual cortex (V1). The objective of the(More)
In fast- and slow-twitch limb and heart muscles of cachectic rats, redox balance and muscle structure were explored. The nature of the oxidatively modified proteins also was identified in these muscles. Reactive carbonyls, hydroxynonenal (HNE)- and malondialdehyde (MDA)-protein adducts, and antioxidant enzyme levels were determined in limb and heart muscles(More)
Oxidative stress may differentially regulate protein loss within peripheral muscles of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients exhibiting different body composition. Oxidation levels of proteins, myosin heavy chain (MyHC) and myonuclei, superoxide anion, antioxidants, actin, creatine kinase, carbonic anhydrase-3, ubiquitin-proteasome(More)
OBJECTIVES Celiac disease (CD) is a disorder characterized by a deregulated immune response to ingested wheat gluten and related cereal proteins in susceptible individuals. It has been considered that the onset of CD is mediated by a skewed Th1 response. However, the participation of Th17 cells in the pathogenesis of the disease, a key cell population in(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate pathologic responses to transarterial prostatic embolization and its technical safety in a canine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten adult male beagle dogs were surgically castrated and given hormonal therapy for 4 months to induce prostatic hyperplasia. After three months of hormonal(More)
PURPOSE To determine if the deployment of metallic ureteral stents in benign ureteral stricture is more effective than endoureterotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty pigs were randomly divided in two groups to be treated with endoureterotomy or metallic stents. The internal ureteral diameter 2 cm distal to the ureteropelvic junction, histopathologic(More)