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The attachment of cells to biomedical materials can be improved by using adhesion sequences, such as Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), found in several extracellular matrix proteins. In this work, bifunctional recombinant proteins, with a Cellulose-Binding Module (CBM), from the cellulosome of Clostridium thermocellum and cell binding sequences-RGD, GRGDY-were cloned and(More)
The amphiphilic molecule dextrin-VA-SC16 (dexC16) was synthesized and studied in this work. DexC16 has a hydrophilic dextrin backbone with grafted acrylate groups (VA) substituted with hydrophobic 1-hexadecanethiol (C16). A versatile synthetic method was developed allowing control of the dextrin degree of substitution with the hydrophobic chains (DSC16,(More)
Two enzymatic extracts obtained from xylan-grown Aspergillus terreus CCMI 498 and cellulose-grown Trichoderma viride CCMI 84 were characterised for different glycanase activities. Both strains produce extracellular endoxylanase and endoglucanase enzymes. The enzymes optimal activity was found in the temperature range of 45-60 degrees C. Endoglucanase(More)
Enzymatic versus chemical deinking is examined for MOW and photocopy prints. Several enzymatic preparations and two fibre/ink particle separation methods are tested. Deinking was monitored by image analysis and standard pulp and paper characterisation procedures. The effectiveness of the fibre/ink particle separation method depends on the ink particle's(More)
The susceptibility of starch-based biomaterials to enzymatic degradation by amylolytic enzymes (glucoamylase and alpha-amylase) was investigated by means of incubating the materials with a buffer solution, containing enzymes at different concentrations and combinations, at 37 degrees C for 6 weeks. Two polymeric blends of corn starch with(More)
The supramolecular assembly of amphiphilic mannan, synthesized by the Michael addition of hydrophobic 1-hexadecanethiol to vinyl methacrylated mannan, originates in aqueous medium the formation of a nanogel, stabilized by hydrophobic interactions among alkyl chains. The critical aggregation concentration, calculated by fluorescence spectroscopy ranged(More)
A self-assembled glycol chitosan nanogel (GC) is synthesized by chemically grafting hydrophobic chains onto a polysaccharide, which is comprehensively characterized. The obtained macromolecular micelle is decorated with folate-conjugated poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) (GCFA). An average size distribution of 250 and 200 nm is observed, respectively for the GC(More)
Carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) are small components of several enzymes, which present an independent fold and function, and specific carbohydrate-binding activity. Their major function is to bind the enzyme to the substrate enhancing its catalytic activity, especially in the case of insoluble substrates. The immense diversity of CBMs, together with(More)
The structure and bioactivity of a polysaccharide extracted and purified from a 4M KOH + H3BO3 solution from Prunus dulcis seed cell wall material was studied. Anion-exchange chromatography of the crude extract yielded two sugar-rich fractions: one neutral (A), the other acidic (E). These fractions contain a very similar monosaccharide composition: 5:2:1(More)
The incorporation of graphene-based materials has been shown to improve mechanical properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA). In this work, PLA films and composite PLA films incorporating two graphene-based materials - graphene oxide (GO) and graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) - were prepared and characterized regarding not only biocompatibility, but also surface(More)