Francisco Miguel Gama

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Enzymatic versus chemical deinking is examined for MOW and photocopy prints. Several enzymatic preparations and two fibre/ink particle separation methods are tested. Deinking was monitored by image analysis and standard pulp and paper characterisation procedures. The effectiveness of the fibre/ink particle separation method depends on the ink particle's(More)
The selective extraction of capsaicinoids and carotenoids from chili guajillo "puya" flour was studied. When ethanol was used as solvent, 80% of capsaicinoids and 73% of carotenoids were extracted, representing an interesting alternative for the substitution of hexane in industrial processes. Additionally, when the flour was pretreated with enzymes that(More)
The susceptibility of starch-based biomaterials to enzymatic degradation by amylolytic enzymes (glucoamylase and alpha-amylase) was investigated by means of incubating the materials with a buffer solution, containing enzymes at different concentrations and combinations, at 37 degrees C for 6 weeks. Two polymeric blends of corn starch with(More)
A cellulase from Trichoderma reesei was immobilized on Eudragit L-100, a reversibly soluble polymer depending on the pH of the medium. The solubility of the modified cellulase was studied at different pH values. By changing the pH, the adsorption equilibrium of the derivatized proteins is switched towards the liquid phase, thus making recycling possible.(More)
The amphiphilic molecule dextrin-VA-SC16 (dexC16) was synthesized and studied in this work. DexC16 has a hydrophilic dextrin backbone with grafted acrylate groups (VA) substituted with hydrophobic 1-hexadecanethiol (C16). A versatile synthetic method was developed allowing control of the dextrin degree of substitution with the hydrophobic chains (DSC16,(More)
Carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) are small components of several enzymes, which present an independent fold and function, and specific carbohydrate-binding activity. Their major function is to bind the enzyme to the substrate enhancing its catalytic activity, especially in the case of insoluble substrates. The immense diversity of CBMs, together with(More)
Cell walls from aKluyveromyces marxianus either non flocculent or flocculent strain were isolated and analysed for protein, carbohydrates and phosphate content. Alkaline extract of proteins were analysed by SDS-PAGE. The results revealed a higher protein content in the cell walls from the flocculent strain. Electrophoresis of the cell wall proteins of the(More)
The supramolecular assembly of amphiphilic mannan, synthesized by the Michael addition of hydrophobic 1-hexadecanethiol to vinyl methacrylated mannan, originates in aqueous medium the formation of a nanogel, stabilized by hydrophobic interactions among alkyl chains. The critical aggregation concentration, calculated by fluorescence spectroscopy ranged(More)
Amphiphilic mannan (mannan-C(16)) was synthesized by the Michael addition of hydrophobic 1-hexadecanethiol (C(16)) to hydroxyethyl methacrylated mannan (mannan-HEMA). Mannan-C(16) formed nanosized aggregates in water by self-assembly via the hydrophobic interaction among C(16) molecules as confirmed by hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR),(More)