Francisco Medina

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In plant cells nucleolar fibrillar centres (FCs) undergo ultrastructural changes, depending on the nucleolar activity. We have found two types of FC structure in nucleoli with either high or low activity, to which we have given the conventional names of homogeneous and heterogeneous, respectively. The first type is characterized by the presence of fibres(More)
The nucleolus is a prominent nuclear organelle which morphologically expresses all functional steps necessary for the synthesis of ribosomes, from transcription of rRNA genes to the assembly and maturation of preribosomal particles and their transport to the cytoplasm. Structurally, the nucleolus contains some basic components common to practically all cell(More)
Intranucleolar DNA, including ribosomal DNA (rDNA), was localized in situ in proliferating onion cells under the electron microscope using an anti-DNA monoclonal antibody and a postembedding indirect immunogold procedure. In the interphase nucleolus of this species, characterized by a very high amount of rRNA genes, we found DNA concentrated mostly in(More)
We have traced in onion root cells the mitotic course of rRNA, of the RNA synthesized in the G2 period of the preceding interphase, and of the nucleolar proteins fibrillarin and nucleolin. The rRNA was detected by ultrastructural in situ hybridization with a rDNA probe capable of hybridizing mature rRNAs and also the intermediate forms of pre-rRNA(More)
The soluble fraction of nuclear proteins is a functionally significant fraction, since it has been shown that it contains ribonucleoproteins active in nuclear RNA metabolism. The aim of this work was to detect variations associated with cell proliferation, by comparing two-dimensional proteomes obtained from the soluble fractions of onion nuclei isolated(More)
Research in microgravity is indispensable to disclose the impact of gravity on biological processes and organisms. However, research in the near-Earth orbit is severely constrained by the limited number of flight opportunities. Ground-based simulators of microgravity are valuable tools for preparing spaceflight experiments, but they also facilitate(More)
There is evidence to suggest that the neuroprotective effect of exposure of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) may be due, at least in part, to the effect of these fields on neurotrophic factors levels and cell survival, leading to an improvement in behavior. This study was undertaken to investigate the neuroprotective effects of ELFEF(More)
The distribution of nucleolar RNA polymerase in the nucleolus of onion root meristematic cells has been studied by means of an antibody originally raised against Drosophila RNA polymerase II. This antibody recognizes the homologous domains of the large subunit of the enzyme, which are highly conserved throughout evolution in the three classes of eucaryotic(More)
We studied the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS, 60 Hz and 0.7 mT for 4 h/day for 14 days) on oxidative and cell damage caused by olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) in Wistar rats. The levels of lipid peroxidation products and caspase-3 were enhanced by OBX, whereas it prompted a reduction in reduced glutathione (GSH) content and antioxidative(More)