Francisco Martín

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S. Bordin and colleagues have proposed that the depolarizing effects of acetylcholine and other muscarinic agonists on pancreatic beta-cells are mediated by a calcium release-activated current (CRAC). We support this hypothesis with additional data, and present a theoretical model which accounts for most known data on muscarinic effects. Additional(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells display the ability to differentiate in vitro into a variety of cell lineages. Using a cell-trapping system, we have obtained an insulin-secreting cell clone from undifferentiated ES cells. The construction used allows the expression of a neomycin selection system under the control of the regulatory regions of the human insulin(More)
Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are involved in the presentation of native Ags to B cells during the secondary immune response. Some authors consider FDC to be hemopoietic cells, whereas others believe them to be mesenchymal cells. The low proportion of FDC in the lymphoid follicle, together with technical difficulties in their isolation, make these cells(More)
OBJECTIVE Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been shown to exert potent immunomodulatory activity, and the use of lentiviral vectors has been found to be an effective means of gene delivery. The present study was therefore undertaken to investigate the feasibility and efficiency of gene therapy using lentiviral vectors expressing VIP (LentiVIP) for the(More)
Recently, heterozygous mutations in GATA6 have been found in neonatal diabetic patients with failed pancreatic organogenesis. To investigate the roles of GATA4 and GATA6 in mouse pancreas organogenesis, we conditionally inactivated these genes within the pancreas. Single inactivation of either gene did not have a major impact on pancreas formation,(More)
Exposure of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells to high concentrations of chemical nitric oxide (NO) donors promotes differentiation, but the mechanisms involved in this process at the gene expression level are poorly defined. In this study we report that culture of mES cells in the presence of 0.25-1.0 mM diethylenetriamine nitric oxide adduct (DETA-NO) leads(More)
Administration of in vitro expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represents a promising therapy for regenerative medicine and autoimmunity. Both mouse and human MSCs ameliorate autoimmune disease in syn-, allo- and xenogeneic settings. However, MSC preparations are heterogeneous which impairs their therapeutic efficacy and endorses variability between(More)
Proper insulin secretion requires the coordinated functioning of the numerous beta cells that form pancreatic islets. This coordination depends on a network of communication mechanisms whereby beta cells interact with extracellular signals and adjacent cells via connexin channels. To assess whether connexin-dependent communication plays a role in vivo, we(More)
The intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) near the plasma membrane was measured in mouse pancreatic islet cells using confocal spot detection methods. Whereas small cytosolic Ca2+ gradients were observed with 3 mM glucose, a steeper sustained gradient restricted to domains beneath the plasma membrane (space constant, 0.67 micrometer) appeared with(More)
Diadenosine polyphosphates are a group of low-weight compounds that increase after exposure to a wide variety of oxidants and have been suggested to act as "alarmones," alerting the cell to the onset of metabolic stress. We demonstrate here that glucose at concentrations that induce insulin release produce a 30- to 70-fold increase in the concentration of(More)