Francisco M. S. Garrido

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Environmental stimuli that are reliably associated with the effects of many abused drugs, especially stimulants such as cocaine, can produce craving and relapse in abstinent human substance abusers. In animals, such cues can induce and maintain drug-seeking behaviour and also reinstate drug-seeking after extinction. Reducing the motivational effects of(More)
HLA class I downregulation is a frequent event associated with tumour invasion and development. Altered HLA class I tumour phenotypes can have profound effects on T-cell and natural killer (NK)-cell antitumour responses. Here, Federico Garrido and colleagues analyse these altered tumour phenotypes in detail, indicating their potential relevance for(More)
Nafadotride (N[(n-butyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-1-methoxy-4-cyano naphtalene-2-carboxamide) is a novel compound, which inhibits potently and stereoselectively [125I]iodosulpride binding at recombinant human dopamine D3 receptors. the levoisomer displays an apparent Ki value of 0.3 nM at the dopamine D3 receptor, but is 10 times less potent at the human(More)
Cell surface expression of HLA class I/peptide complexes on tumor cells is a key step in the generation of T-cell-based immune responses. Several genetic defects underlying the lack of HLA class I expression have been characterized. Here we describe another molecular mechanism that accounts for the complete absence of HLA class I molecule expression in a(More)
From 1970 to 1985, 973 outbreaks of abortion in sheep and 262 outbreaks of abortion in goats from southern Spain were studied. Of these, 1.7 and 2.6% respectively were caused by leptospiras, chiefly by the serovar pomona (11 flocks of sheep, 64.7%, and six herds of goats, 75.0%) and in a lower proportion the serovars sejroe (three flocks of sheep 17.6%, and(More)
Human papillomavirus types HPV 16 and HPV 11 DNA sequences were analyzed in normal and neoplastic tissues of the larynx, using the technique of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). An amplified region of E6 ORF was hybridized with 3' end-labelled oligonucleotide probe. Twenty six out of 48 (54%) squamous-cell carcinomas, and 3 out of 3 verrucous-cell carcinomas(More)
HLA expression is frequently altered in tumours compared to the tissue from which they originate. Given the central role of MHC products in the restriction of T-cell recognition, regulation of tumour HLA expression might be a strategy for the evasion of immune surveillance by the malignant cells. Federico Garrido, Peter Stern and colleagues present data(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of chromosome 6p21 is an important mechanism that generates HLA haplotype loss in various human tumors. This mechanism produces non-reversible HLA-deficient tumor cells that can escape T cell immune responses in peptide-vaccinated cancer patients. However, the exact frequency of this mechanism is still unknown, because(More)
Most of the transmethylation reactions use the same methyl donor, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), that is synthesised from methionine and ATP by methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT). In mammals, two MAT enzymes have been detected, one ubiquitous and another liver specific. The liver enzyme exists in two oligomeric forms, a tetramer (MAT I) and a dimer (MAT(More)