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Mannose-binding lectin is a central molecule of the innate immune system. Mannose-binding lectin 2 promoter polymorphisms and structural variants have been associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis. However, contradictory results among different populations have been reported, resulting in no convincing evidence of association between mannose-binding(More)
Migraine is a genetically complex disorder in which sexual hormones influence the phenotype. ESR1 G594A polymorphism has been associated with migraine in Australians. We performed a case-control study with G594A and G325C polymorphisms to determine whether ESR1 is associated with migraine in our population. An association between G594A and migraine could(More)
There is growing evidence that folate metabolism is involved in migraine pathophysiology, mainly in migraine with aura. Even though folate metabolism is regulated by a number of enzymes, only two functional polymorphisms have been tested in association studies with migraine. Here, we have explored the possible role in migraine of other folate-metabolizing(More)
An overactivation of the Th1 activity in schizophrenia had been described. Interleukin-12 (IL-12), a proinflammatory cytokine, plays a key role in the regulation of the Th1 response. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of first and second generation antipsychotic drugs on IL-12 production during the acute phase of the illness and its(More)
Deciphering how Listeria monocytogenes exploits the host cell machinery to invade mammalian cells is a key issue in understanding the pathogenesis of this food-borne pathogen, which can cause diseases ranging from gastroenteritis to meningitis and abortion. In this study, we show that the lysosomal aspartyl-protease cathepsin-D (Ctsd) is of considerable(More)
The contribution of immune system to schizophrenia has been an important area of focus in schizophrenia research. Several genetic variants in the cytokine system have been associated with the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a pharmacogenetic relationship exists between a variable number of tandem repeats(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism has been identified as a potential etiologic factor in schizophrenia. It has been proposed that this polymorphism could be associated with specific clinical markers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of COMT Val158Met polymorphism genotype in the phenotypic expression of first(More)
INTRODUCTION The HLA-A2 allele has recently been considered as a risk factor in AD by advancing the age at onset of the disease, especially in subjects who were homozygous for the apoE epsilon4 allele. MATERIAL AND METHODS We examined the distribution of apoE genotypes and A2 allele as a function of age at onset in 109 patients with sporadic and familial(More)
Studies of schizophrenia that combine imaging and genetic approaches attempt to map structural brain anomalies associated with genetic risk variants. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether variations in the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN) were associated with structural brain characteristics of 73 minimally medicated(More)
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