Francisco Leyva-Cobían

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The mechanisms by which the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes interacts with the host cell surface remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) in listerial infection. Pretreatment of bacteria with heparin or heparan sulfate (HS), but not with other glycosaminoglycans, inhibited(More)
It has been suggested that folate metabolism could be involved in migraine pathogenesis. We analysed the 5',10'-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotypic distribution in a large migraine sample. We genotyped 230 migraine patients (152 migraine without aura (MO) and 78 migraine with aura (MA)) and 204 nonheadache controls. The incidence of TT(More)
Mitochondrial DNA sequences and Y chromosome haplotypes were characterized in Pasiegos, a human isolate from Cantabria, and compared with those of other Cantabrian and neighbouring Northern Spain populations. Cantabria appears to be a genetically heterogeneous community. Whereas Lebaniegos do not differ from their eastern Basque and western Asturian and(More)
HLA-A, -B, -DRB1, -DQA1 and -DQB1 alleles have been studied in three relatively isolated populations of northern Spain from Cantabria ( Pas Valleys inhabitants or Pasiegos and Cabuernigos) and from the Basque Country (Arratia Valley inhabitants). These populations have been compared with neighbouring ones and other Mediterraneans by using neighbour-joining(More)
Migraine is a genetically complex disorder in which sexual hormones influence the phenotype. ESR1 G594A polymorphism has been associated with migraine in Australians. We performed a case-control study with G594A and G325C polymorphisms to determine whether ESR1 is associated with migraine in our population. An association between G594A and migraine could(More)
An overactivation of the Th1 activity in schizophrenia had been described. Interleukin-12 (IL-12), a proinflammatory cytokine, plays a key role in the regulation of the Th1 response. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of first and second generation antipsychotic drugs on IL-12 production during the acute phase of the illness and its(More)
Down's syndrome (DS) is one of the most frequent genetic disorders in humans. It has been suggested that overexpression of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) in DS may be involved in some of the abnormalities observed, mainly neurodegenerative and immunopathological processes. One of the consequences is early thymic involution. Recently, Ts(1716)65Dn(More)
Listeria monocytogenes (LM) phagocytic strategy implies recruitment and inhibition of Rab5a. Here, we identify a Listeria protein that binds to Rab5a and is responsible for Rab5a recruitment to phagosomes and impairment of the GDP/GTP exchange activity. This protein was identified as a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Listeria (p40(More)
Twenty alleles for the locus human leukocyte antigen (HLA-A) and 46 for the HLA-B locus were detected in Jordanians. This indicates the existence of high polymorphism in this area. The most frequent HLA class I alleles found were A*0201 (0.1344), B*0713 (0.1724), and C*0502 (0.1793). Twenty-six different alleles in the Jordanian population were identified(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether two functional single nucleotide polymorphisms of the CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) gene could affect susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in a human immunodeficiency virus negative genetically homogeneous population, containing newly diagnosed patients with active disease. DESIGN Seventy-six patients with active(More)