Francisco José Tinahones

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BACKGROUND A recent study using a rat model found significant differences at the time of diabetes onset in the bacterial communities responsible for type 1 diabetes modulation. We hypothesized that type 1 diabetes in humans could also be linked to a specific gut microbiota. Our aim was to quantify and evaluate the difference in the composition of gut(More)
Lipid droplets (LDs) are organelles that coordinate lipid storage and mobilization, both processes being especially important in cells specialized in managing fat, the adipocytes. Proteomic analyses of LDs have consistently identified the small GTPase Rab18 as a component of the LD coat. However, the specific contribution of Rab18 to adipocyte function(More)
Obesity and its associated disorders are a major public health concern. Although obesity has been mainly related with perturbations of the balance between food intake and energy expenditure, other factors must nevertheless be considered. Recent insight suggests that an altered composition and diversity of gut microbiota could play an important role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the usefulness of measuring hemoglobin A(1c) (A1C), alone or combined with the fasting glucose test, compared with the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) for the reassessment of the carbohydrate metabolism status in postpartum women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We evaluated the(More)
M etformin is the first choice oral antidiabetic drug for type 2 diabetes and currently the most consumed. Although gastrointestinal intolerance is frequent, metformin-induced hepato-toxicity is rare. Fewer than 10 cases have been reported (1). In all of those cases, metformin was associated with concomi-tant intake of other potentially hepato-toxic drugs.(More)
BACKGROUND TCF7L2 rs7903146 is an important genetic factor predicting type 2 diabetes (T2DM) which has also been linked to higher cardiovascular risk. To date, there is little information about the additional impact of this single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) beyond glucose metabolism. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We studied whether rs7903146(More)
AIMS To compare the efficacy and safety of two insulin intensification strategies in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on basal insulin glargine with metformin and/or pioglitazone. METHODS A multinational, randomized, open-label trial that compared insulin lispro low mixture (LM25; n = 236) twice daily with a basal-prandial regimen of(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated physical activity has been observed in some patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) despite their emaciated condition. However, its effects on treatment outcome remain unclear. This study aimed to examine objectively measured physical activity in this clinical population and how it might be related to a partial hospitalization therapy(More)
Both obesity and being underweight have been associated with increased mortality. Underweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≤ 18.5 kg per m(2) in adults and ≤ -2 standard deviations from the mean in children, is the main sign of a series of heterogeneous clinical conditions including failure to thrive, feeding and eating disorder and/or anorexia(More)
BACKGROUND Several evidences indicate that gut microbiota is involved in the control of host energy metabolism. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the differences in the composition of gut microbiota in rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and to identify their associations with serum leptin and ghrelin levels. METHODS In a case(More)