Francisco José Roma Paumgartten

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The present experiments were undertaken to confirm the recent suggestion that epidermal growth factor (EGF) can have both retarding and accelerating effects on development, using a greater number of developmental indices than hitherto; to extend such studies to another species, the golden hamster, and to compare the responses of males and females. On each(More)
The aim of this study was to establish a developmental profile for the golden hamster by using a systematic sequence of test procedures. One experimentally naive litter was tested each day from 0 to 25 days of postnatal age. The appearance of developmental landmarks (physical features and reflexes), spontaneous behaviour in an open field, homing behaviour(More)
The lateral preferences of 959 Brazilian adults (471 males and 488 females) were assessed with the abbreviated form of the Edinburgh Inventory using the interview method. The behavioral validity of the inventory was evaluated by asking 36 subjects to perform the activities included in the inventory five months after the interview. The results showed that(More)
The standardization of rodent litter sizes (or culling) in reproductive toxicity studies has become a common practice because it is believed that litter size affects pup postnatal growth and development. A claim has also been made that culling on postnatal day 4 or earlier reduces litter-size-induced variability in the pup growth thereby making statistical(More)
1. Recent concepts concerning animal memory have emphasized the kind of information processed in memory. Reference memory provides information relevant over several trials, i.e., it codes expectancy-based information. Working memory provides information critical for only one trial, i.e., it codes data-based information. Some investigators consider that a(More)
Tea prepared from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is used for its supposed anxiolytic, hypnotic and analgesic properties in Brazilian folk medicine. beta-Myrcene, a major constituent of lemongrass, produces analgesia in rodents but there is some controversy about whether this action is central or peripheral or both. Rats and mice received beta-myrcene, 1(More)
Annatto or urucum is an orange-yellow dye obtained from Bixa orellana seeds. It has been used as a natural dye in a variety of food products, drugs and cosmetics, and also in Brazilian cuisine as a condiment ('colorau'). Bixin, a carotenoid devoid of provitamin A activity, is the main pigment found in annatto. Some carotenoids (canthaxanthin, astaxanthin(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate clinical evidence on the safety and efficacy of fenproporex for treating obesity. METHODS MEDLINE, LILACS and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched as well as references cited by articles and relevant documents. Two authors independently assessed the studies for inclusion and regarding risk of bias, collected data, and(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame-retardants (PBDEs) are thyroid-disrupting environmental chemicals. We investigated the effects of postnatal exposure to DE-71 (a mixture of tetra- and penta-brominated congeners), n-propylthiouracil (PTU) and thyroxine (T4) replacement on open-field (OF) and radial maze (RAM) tests. Wistar rats (5 males/5 females per(More)
BACKGROUND A study in frog and chicken embryos, and reports of a high incidence of birth defects in regions of intensive GM-soy planting have raised concerns on the teratogenic potential of glyphosate-based herbicides. These public concerns prompted us to conduct a systematic review of the epidemiological studies testing hypotheses of associations between(More)