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Purpose: The antiproliferative effect of high concentrations of ethanol (80–100 mmol) on liver carcinoma is well known. However, the high concentrations of ethanol affect both tumor cells and normal hepatocytes. The present study was designed to determine the effect of low ethanol concentrations (0–10 mmol) on cell proliferation and cell death (apoptosis(More)
The omentum has several properties that are advantageous for neuronal sprouting and direction. We have therefore analyzed functional recovery following transection of rat sciatic nerve using omental graft to bridge the nerve defect. In group 1, a 25-30-mm nerve defect was produced and bridged with omental graft, whereas in group 2, an end-to-end repair was(More)
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of sequential transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for patients with unresectable advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Twenty-one consecutive patients with unresectable T3 and T4 HCC were treated by sequential TACE (median time interval between treatments 7 weeks)(More)
We previously found that ethanol at millimolar level (1 mM) activates the expression of transcription factors with subsequent regulation of apoptotic genes in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. However, the role of ethanol on the expression of genes implicated in transcriptional and translational processes remains unknown. Therefore, the aim(More)
Purpose: We previously found that ethanol-induced apoptosis is associated with an activation of caspase-3. However, the initial triggering of this process is yet unknown. Therefore, the present study was designed to determine whether the Fas-receptor pathway plays a role in the initiation by ethanol of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell apoptosis.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Muscle wasting, a common complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD), contributes to poor outcomes. Mitochondrial biogenesis is critical for the maintenance of skeletal muscle function and structural integrity. The present study--a secondary analysis from a published randomized controlled trial--examined the effect of resistance(More)
There are conflicting results for experiments aimed at determining whether anticancer drug therapy of human hepatocellular carcinoma prolongs the survival rate effectively. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of low concentrations of doxorubicin, mitomycin C, and ethanol on cell replication (cell number and proliferation), and cell apoptosis(More)
In Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing rabbit sodium-dependent glucose transporter (rbSGLT1) protein kinase A (PKA) activators (forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP) stimulated alpha-methyl D-glucopyranoside uptake. Kinetic analysis revealed an increase in both V(max) and affinity of the transport. Immunohistochemistry and biotinylation experiments showed that this(More)
In the apical membrane of epithelial cells from the small intestine and the kidney, the high-affinity Na+/d-glucose cotransporter SGLT1 plays a crucial role in selective sugar absorption and reabsorption. How sugars are selected at the molecular level is, however, poorly understood. Here atomic force microscopy (AFM) was employed to investigate the(More)
The sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter (SGLT1) is regulated by protein kinases. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the regulation of rabbit (rb) SGLT1 activity as determined by alpha-methyl-D-glucopyranoside (AMG) uptake and to identify the cellular mechanisms involved in this process. For this purpose(More)