Francisco José Ayala

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Simple phylogenetic tests were applied to a large data set of nucleotide sequences from two nuclear genes and a region of the mitochondrial genome of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas' disease. Incongruent gene genealogies manifest genetic exchange among distantly related lineages of T. cruzi. Two widely distributed isoenzyme types of T. cruzi are(More)
DNA sequence variation in a 1410-bp region including the Cu,Zn Sod locus was examined in 41 homozygous lines of Drosophila melanogaster. Fourteen lines were from Barcelona, Spain, 25 were from California populations and the other two were from laboratory stocks. Two common electromorphs, SODS and SODF, are segregating in the populations. Our sample of 41(More)
Theories of density-dependent natural selection state that at extreme population densities evolution produces alternative life histories due to trade-offs. The trade-offs are presumed to arise because those genotypes with highest fitness at high population densities will not also have high fitness at low density and vice-versa. These predictions were tested(More)
Drosophila species are extensively used in biological research; yet, important phylogenetic relationships within the genus and with related genera remain unresolved. The combined data for three genes (Adh, Sod, and Gpdh) statistically resolves outstanding issues. We define the genus Drosophila inclusively so as to include Scaptomyza and Zaprionus(More)
1 Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900-1975) was one of the principal architects of the so-called synthetic theory of evolution. 2 Born and initially trained in Russia, where he became an entomologist and zoologist with wide-ranging interests, he brought a rich background in systematics and study of natural populations with him when he came to the United States to(More)
The phylogeny and taxonomy of the drosophilids have been the subject of extensive investigations. Recently, Grimaldi (1990) has challenged some common conceptions, and several sets of molecular data have provided information not always compatible with other taxonomic knowledge or consistent with each other. We present the coding nucleotide sequence of the(More)
Efforts to understand the genetic basis of evolutionary change have concentrated on proteins and their encoding DNA sequences. These studies have brought to light patterns and processes at the nucleotide level, yet the complex functional relationships between genetic variants and phenotypes remain poorly known. The realization that even a complete(More)
We propose models for describing replacement rate variation in genes and proteins, in which the profile of relative replacement rates along the length of a given sequence is defined as a function of the site number. We consider here two types of functions, one derived from the cosine Fourier series, and the other from discrete wavelet transforms. The number(More)