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Sea bass, a fish species characterized by its dualistic feeding pattern, was investigated to study the synchronizing effect of light and food on the demand-feeding rhythm. Nocturnal and diurnal sea bass, both in groups and individually, were exposed to restricted-feeding (RF) and light-dark (LD) cycles of different periods. The phase relationship between(More)
In contrast to the common diurnal and nocturnal ways of life, some fish species have been shown to have a dual phasing behaviour. Therefore, the daily pattern of behaviour is not always rigidly confined to the light or dark phase and a diurnal fish may become nocturnal and vice versa. In the present study, the locomotor and feeding activities of single(More)
The nocturnal versus diurnal feeding patterns of sea bass under controlled experimental conditions were studied in order to investigate the existence of such a dualistic feeding behavior. The animals (six groups of 4 animals and 8 single fish) were held in tanks filled with recirculating salt water and installed in a "chronolab" under constant conditions(More)
Periodic food availability can act as a potent zeitgeber capable of synchronizing many biological rhythms in fishes, including locomotor activity rhythms. In the present paper we investigated entrainment of locomotor rhythms to scheduled feeding under different light and feeding regimes. In experiment 1, fish were exposed to a 12:12 h light/dark cycle and(More)
Seasonal changes in the phasing of diel feeding rhythms were investigated in sea bass held under natural conditions. Demand-feeding behavior was continuously monitored over a complete annual cycle in 10 groups of 15 fish maintained in an outdoors laboratory subjected to natural fluctuations of photoperiod (from 9.5h to 15h) and water temperature (from 13.2(More)
The objective of this research was to test the ability of rainbow trout to feed on, and select from, three "pure" macronutrient diets formulated to contain only one macronutrient (protein, fat, and carbohydrate). The three diets were offered to fish in three different self-feeders, the fish having to choose from them in order to compose a nutritionally(More)
The circadian clock is synchronized with the day-night cycle primarily by light. Fish represent fascinating models for deciphering the light input pathway to the vertebrate clock since fish cell clocks are regulated by direct light exposure. Here we have performed a comparative, functional analysis of the circadian clock involving the zebrafish that is(More)
There are few studies regarding the daily changes in reproductive hormone profiles in teleosts. The aim of the present research was to investigate the effects of photoperiod manipulation on daily rhythms of melatonin and reproductive hormones (pituitary and plasma LH, testosterone [T] and 11-ketotestosterone [11KT]) in juvenile sea bass, kept in net cages(More)
Feeding cycles entrain biological rhythms, which enable animals to anticipate feeding times and so maximize food utilization and welfare. In this article, the effect of mealtime was investigated in two groups of sea bream (Sparus aurata): one group received a single daily meal at random times during the light period (random daytime feeding, RDF), whereas(More)
Light and feeding cycles strongly synchronize daily rhythms in animals, which may, as a consequence, develop food anticipatory activity (FAA). However, the light/food entraining mechanisms of the central circadian oscillator remain unknown. In this study, we investigate the existence of FAA in seven groups of zebrafish subjected to a light/dark (LD) cycle(More)