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The subcommissural organ (SCO) is a brain gland whose secretory material is released into the cerebrospinal fluid where it condenses into a thread-like structure known as Reissner's fiber (RF). This fiber extends along the aqueduct, fourth ventricle and central canal of the spinal cord. The present investigation was designed to identify and partially(More)
The subcomissural organ (SCO) is an ancient and conserved brain gland secreting glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid which condense to form Reissner's fiber (RF). The SCO of an elasmobranch species, the dogfish Scyliorhinus canicula, was investigated applying morphological and biochemical methods. The SCO of 34 dogfishes were processed for the(More)
The ventromedial hypothalamus is involved in regulating feeding and satiety behavior, and its neurons interact with specialized ependymal-glial cells, termed tanycytes. The latter express glucose-sensing proteins, including glucose transporter 2, glucokinase, and ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP) ) channels, suggesting their involvement in hypothalamic(More)
Cancer cells, as with most mammalian cells, depend on a continuous supply of glucose; not only as a precursor of glycoproteins, triglycerides and glycogen, but also as an important source of energy. This review concentrates on GLUT transporter expression in both normal and cancerous classical sex-steroid hormone tissues (i.e. breast, uterus, ovary, testis(More)
Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient in the human diet; its deficiency leads to a number of symptoms and ultimately death. After entry into cells within the central nervous system (CNS) through sodium vitamin C transporters (SVCTs) and facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs), vitamin C functions as a neuromodulator, enzymatic cofactor, and reactive(More)
The GLUT2 glucose transporter and the K-ATP-sensitive potassium channels have been implicated as an integral part of the glucose-sensing mechanism in the pancreatic islet beta cells. The expression of GLUT2 and K-ATP channels in the hypothalamic region suggest that they are also involved in a sensing mechanism in this area. The hypothalamic glial cells,(More)
  • J. Pérez, O. Garrido, +7 authors E. M. Rodríguez
  • 1996
The subcommissural organ secretes N-linked complex-type glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid. These glycoproteins condense to form Reissner’s fiber (RF), which extends along the fourth ventricle and central canal of the spinal cord. A set of three monoclonal antibodies (Mabs 3E6, 3B1, and 2A5) has been obtained using these glycoproteins as immunogens.(More)
Kinins are biologically active peptides that are powerful mediators of cellular inflammation. They mimic the cardinal signs of inflammation by inducing vasodilatation and by increasing vascular permeability and pain. Neutrophils are chemoattracted to sites of inflammation by several stimuli. However, the evidence concerning the chemotactic effect of kinin(More)
The bulk of the secretion of the subcommissural organ is formed by glycoproteins that appear to be derived from two precursor forms of 540 and 320 kDa. Upon release into the ventricle, these glycoproteins aggregate to form Reissner's fiber. We report the isolation of three cDNA clones from a cDNA library prepared from bovine subcommissural organ RNA, by(More)