Francisco Javier Novoa Medina

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The nucleolus is a prominent nuclear organelle which morphologically expresses all functional steps necessary for the synthesis of ribosomes, from transcription of rRNA genes to the assembly and maturation of preribosomal particles and their transport to the cytoplasm. Structurally, the nucleolus contains some basic components common to practically all cell(More)
Fibrillarin and the plant nucleolin homolog NopA64 are two important nucleolar proteins involved in pre-rRNA processing. In order to determine the effects of the altered gravity environment on the nucleolus, we have investigated the location of fibrillarin and NopA64 in nucleolar subcomponents of cress (Lepidium sativum L.) root meristematic cells grown(More)
Nucleolar transcription in isolated onion cell nuclei was visualized, after Br-UTP incorporation, under the conventional fluorescence microscope, the confocal microscope, and the transmission electron microscope. The confocal microscopy study of transcription was combined with immunodetection of fibrillarin, a component of the RNP complex involved in the(More)
In plant cells nucleolar fibrillar centres (FCs) undergo ultrastructural changes, depending on the nucleolar activity. We have found two types of FC structure in nucleoli with either high or low activity, to which we have given the conventional names of homogeneous and heterogeneous, respectively. The first type is characterized by the presence of fibres(More)
The distribution of nucleolar RNA polymerase in the nucleolus of onion root meristematic cells has been studied by means of an antibody originally raised against Drosophila RNA polymerase II. This antibody recognizes the homologous domains of the large subunit of the enzyme, which are highly conserved throughout evolution in the three classes of eucaryotic(More)
Many biological systems respond to the presence or absence of gravity. Since experiments performed in space are expensive and can only be undertaken infrequently, Earth-based simulation techniques are used to investigate the biological response to weightlessness. A high gradient magnetic field can be used to levitate a biological organism so that its net(More)
We studied the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS, 60 Hz and 0.7 mT for 4 h/day for 14 days) on oxidative and cell damage caused by olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) in Wistar rats. The levels of lipid peroxidation products and caspase-3 were enhanced by OBX, whereas it prompted a reduction in reduced glutathione (GSH) content and antioxidative(More)
We evaluated the effects of nicotine on cell and oxidative damage caused by olfactory bulbectomy (OBX). The rats were divided into seven groups as follows: i) control; ii) vehicle (6% ethanol); iii) treated with nicotine; iv) sham operated; v) olfactory bulbectomy (OBX); vi) OBX+vehicle; and vii) OBX+Nic. The OBX was performed using the trepanation of(More)
A key requirement to enhance our understanding of the response of biological organisms to different levels of gravity is the availability of experimental systems that can simulate microgravity and hypergravity in ground-based laboratories. This paper compares the results obtained from analysing gene expression profiles of Drosophila in space versus those(More)
In root meristematic cells nucleolar structure varies with the cell cycle. Apart from normal meristematic nucleoli one finds nucleoli with a big central vacuole surrounded by a loose cortex with individual fibrillar centres [22] clearly visible within it. There are also intermediate structures between both nucleolar types. In Pisum sativum nuclear tissue,(More)