Francisco Javier Nóvoa Medina

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The nucleolus is a prominent nuclear organelle which morphologically expresses all functional steps necessary for the synthesis of ribosomes, from transcription of rRNA genes to the assembly and maturation of preribosomal particles and their transport to the cytoplasm. Structurally, the nucleolus contains some basic components common to practically all cell(More)
Research in microgravity is indispensable to disclose the impact of gravity on biological processes and organisms. However, research in the near-Earth orbit is severely constrained by the limited number of flight opportunities. Ground-based simulators of microgravity are valuable tools for preparing spaceflight experiments, but they also facilitate(More)
Fibrillarin and the plant nucleolin homolog NopA64 are two important nucleolar proteins involved in pre-rRNA processing. In order to determine the effects of the altered gravity environment on the nucleolus, we have investigated the location of fibrillarin and NopA64 in nucleolar subcomponents of cress (Lepidium sativum L.) root meristematic cells grown(More)
Many biological systems respond to the presence or absence of gravity. Since experiments performed in space are expensive and can only be undertaken infrequently, Earth-based simulation techniques are used to investigate the biological response to weightlessness. A high gradient magnetic field can be used to levitate a biological organism so that its net(More)
In plant cells nucleolar fibrillar centres (FCs) undergo ultrastructural changes, depending on the nucleolar activity. We have found two types of FC structure in nucleoli with either high or low activity, to which we have given the conventional names of homogeneous and heterogeneous, respectively. The first type is characterized by the presence of fibres(More)
Nucleolar transcription in isolated onion cell nuclei was visualized, after Br-UTP incorporation, under the conventional fluorescence microscope, the confocal microscope, and the transmission electron microscope. The confocal microscopy study of transcription was combined with immunodetection of fibrillarin, a component of the RNP complex involved in the(More)
Biological systems respond to changes in both the Earth's magnetic and gravitational fields, but as experiments in space are expensive and infrequent, Earth-based simulation techniques are required. A high gradient magnetic field can be used to levitate biological material, thereby simulating microgravity and can also create environments with a reduced or(More)
The distribution of nucleolar RNA polymerase in the nucleolus of onion root meristematic cells has been studied by means of an antibody originally raised against Drosophila RNA polymerase II. This antibody recognizes the homologous domains of the large subunit of the enzyme, which are highly conserved throughout evolution in the three classes of eucaryotic(More)
We studied the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS, 60 Hz and 0.7 mT for 4 h/day for 14 days) on oxidative and cell damage caused by olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) in Wistar rats. The levels of lipid peroxidation products and caspase-3 were enhanced by OBX, whereas it prompted a reduction in reduced glutathione (GSH) content and antioxidative(More)
We evaluated the effects of nicotine on cell and oxidative damage caused by olfactory bulbectomy (OBX). The rats were divided into seven groups as follows: i) control; ii) vehicle (6% ethanol); iii) treated with nicotine; iv) sham operated; v) olfactory bulbectomy (OBX); vi) OBX+vehicle; and vii) OBX+Nic. The OBX was performed using the trepanation of(More)