Francisco Javier Espinosa-Rosales

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A regulatory single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) PD1.3G/A located on programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1) gene, was shown to be involved in susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Swedish, European American, and Mexican cases. However, association to childhood-onset SLE has not been analyzed. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
There is a great deal of evidence that points to the association of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene as a common genetic factor in the pathogenesis of diseases that are caused by inflammatory and/or autoimmune etiologies. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified in the TNF-alpha promoter region have been associated with disease(More)
This is the second report on the continuing efforts of LAGID to increase the recognition and registration of patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases in 12 Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. This report reveals that from a total of 3321 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterised by hypogammaglobulinaemia and a broad clinical spectrum, mainly showing recurrent bacterial infections accompanied sometimes by increased susceptibility to chronic lung disease, autoimmunity, and neoplastic diseases. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the clinical and immunological characteristics of(More)
Autosomal recessive interleukin-12 receptor β1 (IL-12Rβ1) deficiency has been described as the most common cause of Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD), characterized by clinical disease due to weakly virulent mycobacteria such as Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccines and environmental mycobacteria (EM) in children who are normally(More)
Interleukin-12 receptor β1 (IL-12Rβ1) deficiency is the most common form of Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD). We undertook an international survey of 141 patients from 102 kindreds in 30 countries. Among 102 probands, the first infection occurred at a mean age of 2.4 years. In 78 patients, this infection was caused by Bacille(More)
Hyper-IgM (HIGM) syndrome is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by normal or elevated serum IgM levels associated with absent or decreased IgG, IgA and IgE. Here we summarize data from the HIGM syndrome Registry of the Latin American Society for Immunodeficiencies (LASID). Of the 58 patients from 51 families reported to the registry with the(More)
BACKGROUND Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a syndrome characterized by profound T-cell deficiency. BCG vaccine is contraindicated in patients with SCID. Because most countries encourage BCG vaccination at birth, a high percentage of patients with SCID are vaccinated before their immune defect is detected. OBJECTIVES We sought to describe the(More)
Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a key protein in the B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway and plays an essential role in the differentiation of B lymphocytes. X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a primary humoral immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the gene encoding BTK. Previously, we identified two novel variations, L111P and(More)