Francisco Javier Ayala Alvarez

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This is a survey of the helminth fauna of 285 individuals of 14 species of birds of prey (Falconiformes and Strigiformes) from Galicia (northwest Spain), namely Buteo buteo, Accipiter nisus, A. gentilis, Milvus migrans, M. milvus, Pernis apivorus, Circus pygargus, Falco tinnunculus, F. peregrinus, F. subbuteo, Tyto alba, Strix aluco, Asio otus and Athene(More)
OBJECTIVE Identification of early mechanical complications (EMC) of central venous catheterizations (CVC) in pediatric patients and determination of EMC risk factors. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Pediatric intensive-care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS Eight-hundred and twenty-five CVC were performed in 546(More)
An experimental model was developed for continuous measurement of the common carotid blood flow, in the anesthetized rat, with an electromagnetic flowmeter. The mean carotid blood flow for 41 rats averaged 3.2 +/- 0.2 ml/min at an average mean arterial pressure of 101 +/- 2.5 mm Hg and arterial pO2 of 106 +/- 3.4 mm Hg, pCO2 of 38 +/- 1.2 mm Hg, and pH of(More)
CONTEXT Increases in diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have elicited public and professional concern. Research suggests that this trend warrants the inclusion of previously underdiagnosed children and adults. It is not clear whether this trend includes young children. OBJECTIVE To identify patterns of diagnosis and(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) is a useful tool for assessing gene expression in different tissues, but the choice of adequate controls is critical to normalise the results, thereby avoiding differences and maximizing sensitivity and accuracy. So far, many genes have been used as a single reference gene, without having(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the morbidity and mortality of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy with bronchoscopic guidance when performed by medical intensivists. DESIGN A retrospective analysis. SETTING A tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS Fifty consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous dilational tracheostomy for prolonged mechanical(More)
A total of 595 faecal samples from raptorial birds, either captive or free-living, residing in GREFA Wildlife Hospital were bacteriologically examined using various selective media and an Automated Diagnostic Assay System for Salmonella detection. Serotype and phage type of the strains identified as Salmonella was determined. In the captive group, of the(More)
Philasterides dicentrarchi is a histiophagous ciliate that causes severe losses in turbot and sea bass farming. This study investigated the in vitro efficacy against P. dicentrarchi of 85 newly synthesized compounds and 12 commercial compounds, of which 2 are fluoroquinolones (norfloxacine and lomefloxacine) with known antibacterial activity. Seventeen of(More)
New evidence has appeared to support the fact that the over-involvement of older drivers in traffic accidents disappears when the low mileage bias is taken into account. As a group, older drivers are as safe as or safer than other age groups, and only low mileage older drivers have a high crash rate. Furthermore, the role of the medical condition of older(More)
This study investigated the presence of illegal drugs in the blood of 285 fatally injured drivers in Spain. Illegal drugs were detected in 10.2% of all samples. Illicit drugs alone were detected in 2.5% and together with other substances in 7.7%. Cocaine was the most common drug detected. The mean number (+/- S.D.) of substances detected was 2.6 +/- 1.2:(More)