Francisco J. Silva

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Intracellular bacteria are characterized by genome reduction. The 422,434-base pair genome of Buchnera aphidicola BCc, primary endosymbiont of the aphid Cinara cedri, is approximately 200 kilobases smaller than the previously sequenced B. aphidicola genomes. B. aphidicola BCc has lost most metabolic functions, including the ability to synthesize the(More)
Buchnera is a mutualistic intracellular symbiont of aphids. Their association began about 200 million years ago, with host and symbiont lineages evolving in parallel since that time. During this coevolutionary process, Buchnera has experienced a dramatic decrease of genome size, retaining only essential genes for its specialized lifestyle. Previous studies(More)
The availability of a large number of complete genome sequences raises the question of how many genes are essential for cellular life. Trying to reconstruct the core of the protein-coding gene set for a hypothetical minimal bacterial cell, we have performed a computational comparative analysis of eight bacterial genomes. Six of the analyzed genomes are very(More)
We have sequenced the genome of the intracellular symbiont Buchnera aphidicola from the aphid Baizongia pistacea. This strain diverged 80-150 million years ago from the common ancestor of two previously sequenced Buchnera strains. Here, a field-collected, nonclonal sample of insects was used as source material for laboratory procedures. As a consequence,(More)
Bacterial symbioses are widespread among insects, probably being one of the key factors of their evolutionary success. We present the complete genome sequence of Blochmannia floridanus, the primary endosymbiont of carpenter ants. Although these ants feed on a complex diet, this symbiosis very likely has a nutritional basis: Blochmannia is able to supply(More)
A Cre recombinase expression cassette was inserted into the X-linked Hprt locus by gene targeting in a mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell line isogenic to strain 129S1/SvImJ (129S1), then the transgene was introduced into 129S1 mice through ES cell chimeras. When females hemizygous for this transgene were mated to males carrying a neomycin selection cassette(More)
Evolution of pest resistance to insecticidal proteins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) would decrease our ability to control agricultural pests with genetically engineered crops designed to express genes coding for these proteins. Previous genetic and biochemical analyses of insect strains with resistance to Bt toxins indicate that (i) resistance is(More)
A approximately 2.4-kb imprinting control region (ICR) regulates somatic monoallelic expression of the Igf2 and H19 genes. This is achieved through DNA methylation-dependent chromatin insulator and promoter silencing activities on the maternal and paternal chromosomes, respectively. In somatic cells, the hypomethylated maternally inherited ICR binds the(More)
The evolution of the endosymbiont Buchnera during its adaptation to intracellular life involved a massive reduction in its genome. By comparing the orthologous genes of Buchnera, Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae, we show that the minimal genome size of Buchnera arose from multiple events of gene disintegration dispersed over the whole genome. The(More)
and Evolution. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: 1 Genome rearrangement distances and gene order phylogeny in γ-Proteobacteria 1 2 3 (Submission as Research Article) 4 5 Eugeni Belda, Andrés Moya and Francisco J. Silva 6 7 8 Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva and Departament de(More)