Francisco J. Salazar

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A method is described for the partial purification of the paired helical filaments that accumulate progressively in human neurons in Alzheimer's disease (senile dementia). Paired helical filaments have unusual solubility characteristics, including insolubility in sodium dodecyl sulfate, urea, reducing agent, and guanidine, which prevent analysis of their(More)
Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant neuronal degeneration characterized by age-related neuronal loss principally affecting caudate and putamen and, to a lesser extent, cerebral cortex. In order to identify selective polypeptide alterations in HD brain, we analyzed unfractionated homogenates and purified neuronal perikarya from striatum and cortex(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been identified in renal tissues under normal conditions, with its expression enhanced during sodium restriction. To evaluate the role of COX-2-derived metabolites in the regulation of renal function, we infused a selective inhibitor (nimesulide) in anesthetized dogs with normal or low sodium intake. The renal effects elicited(More)
The objective of this study was to determine in conscious dogs the role of endothelium-derived nitric oxide in mediating the arterial pressure and renal response to a prolonged increment of sodium intake. After a control period of 3 days, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis, NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester, was infused intravenously during 5 consecutive(More)
We have demonstrated that the reduction of angiotensin II effects during the nephrogenic period reduces the nephron number and induces the development of hypertension. The hypotheses examined are that this reduction of angiotensin effects leads to the development of an age-dependent sodium sensitive hypertension and that the hypertension is angiotensin II(More)
The role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the prolonged regulation of renal function was evaluated during changes in sodium intake and reduction of NO synthesis. It was evaluated in conscious dogs by administering a selective inhibitor (nimesulide) during 8 consecutive days. Nimesulide administration to dogs with normal or high sodium load did not modify(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that blockade of angiotensin II effects during renal development accelerates the aging-related changes in renal hemodynamics and proteinuria, and that these changes are sex dependent. It has also been examined whether the deterioration of urinary concentrating ability elicited by angiotensin II blockade is sex(More)
Several studies have proposed that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) is involved in the regulation of nephrogenesis and that an impaired nephrogenesis may induce the development of hypertension. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that the decrease of COX2 activity leads to a reduction in nephron number, an increase in arterial pressure, and age-dependent(More)
We previously reported a marked increase of a 20,000 molecular weight (MW) protein, P20, in some neuronal fractions and whole cortical homogenates isolated from affected cortex in Alzheimer disease; P20 comigrated electrophoretically with an unidentified, major 20,000 MW protein present in human neurofilament (NF) fractions. We now report that the 20,000 MW(More)