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A method is described for the partial purification of the paired helical filaments that accumulate progressively in human neurons in Alzheimer's disease (senile dementia). Paired helical filaments have unusual solubility characteristics, including insolubility in sodium dodecyl sulfate, urea, reducing agent, and guanidine, which prevent analysis of their(More)
BACKGROUND It was our intention to determine whether hysteroscopic polypectomy before intrauterine insemination (IUI) achieved better pregnancy outcomes than no intervention. METHODS A total of 215 infertile women from the infertility unit of a university tertiary hospital with ultrasonographically diagnosed endometrial polyps (EP) undergoing IUI were(More)
Important cardiovascular dysfunctions have been described in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats. To determine the influence of these changes on the hemodynamic state and whether insulin treatment can avoid them, different hemodynamic parameters, obtained by the thermodilution method, were studied in STZ-induced (65 mg/kg) diabetic male Wistar rats, as well(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the nitric oxide (NO) system in the cardiovascular and renal systems of old Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with young rats of the same strains. DESIGN AND METHODS The NO pathway was assessed: (i) in analytical studies measuring the concentration of nitrate in plasma and the activity of NO(More)
We have demonstrated that the reduction of angiotensin II effects during the nephrogenic period reduces the nephron number and induces the development of hypertension. The hypotheses examined are that this reduction of angiotensin effects leads to the development of an age-dependent sodium sensitive hypertension and that the hypertension is angiotensin II(More)
1. Changes in the release of nitric oxide (NO) in vivo were studied in rats following the administration of endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilators as well as the NO synthesis inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). NO production was assessed by measuring variations of nitrate in plasma by capillary ion analysis. 2. Intravenous(More)
The present study examines the role of vasopressin and the sympathetic nervous system on the hemodynamic effects of an infusion of hypertonic saline (NaCl 1.5 M) in conscious rats. The cardiovascular response to hypertonic saline was similar in both untreated and hexamethonium-pretreated rats. Mean arterial pressure increased by 15 mmHg as a consequence of(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of acute or prolonged increases of ANG II on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activities and protein expression in mesenteric resistance vessels, left ventricle, renal cortex, and renal medulla. The response of NOS activities to ANG II is compared with that induced by phenylephrine. ANG II or phenylephrine were(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been identified in renal tissues under normal conditions, with its expression enhanced during sodium restriction. To evaluate the role of COX-2-derived metabolites in the regulation of renal function, we infused a selective inhibitor (nimesulide) in anesthetized dogs with normal or low sodium intake. The renal effects elicited(More)
Systemic blockade of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis results in marked increases in the renal vascular resistance (RVR) and decreases in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal plasma flow (RPF). The renal hemodynamic effect of systemic NO blockade is most likely due to an integration of direct and indirect renal actions. The quantitative importance of(More)