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The Wnts are a family of glycoproteins that regulate cell proliferation, fate decisions, and differentiation. In our study, we examined the contribution of Wnts to the development of ventral midbrain (VM) dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Our results show that beta-catenin is expressed in DA precursor cells and that beta-catenin signaling takes place in these(More)
This is the second report on the continuing efforts of LAGID to increase the recognition and registration of patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases in 12 Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. This report reveals that from a total of 3321 patients(More)
Polyimide sieve electrodes were implanted between the severed ends of the sciatic nerve in rats. The degree of axonal regeneration through the electrode was examined by physiological and histological methods from 2 to 12 months postimplantation. Regeneration was successful in the 30 animals implanted. Functional reinnervation of hindlimb targets progressed(More)
The importance of the cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus in marine ecosystems in terms of abundance and primary production can be partially explained by ecotypic differentiation. Despite the dominance of eukaryotes within photosynthetic picoplankton in many areas a similar differentiation has never been evidenced for these organisms. Here we(More)
Several Dinophysis species produce diarrhoetic toxins (okadaic acid and dinophysistoxins) and pectenotoxins, and cause gastointestinal illness, Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP), even at low cell densities (<103 cells·L⁻¹). They are the main threat, in terms of days of harvesting bans, to aquaculture in Northern Japan, Chile, and Europe. Toxicity and(More)
We assessed the effects of FK506 administration on regeneration after a 6-mm gap repair with a collagen guide seeded with allogeneic Schwann cells (SCs) in the mouse sciatic nerve. SCs were isolated from predegenerated adult sciatic nerves and expanded in culture using a defined medium, before being seeded in the collagen guide embedded in Matrigel.(More)
PURPOSE Placement of extracellular matrix components has been used as a mean to enhance axonal growth across nerve long gaps repaired by tubulization. However, such matrices may impede axonal regeneration depending on its density and microgeometry. METHODS Silicone tubes were prefilled with collagen or laminin-containing gels and implanted into a 6 mm(More)
Adult spinal cord has little regenerative potential, thus limiting patient recovery following injury. In this study, we describe a new population of cells resident in the adult rat spinal cord meninges that express the neural stem/precursor markers nestin and doublecortin. Furthermore, from dissociated meningeal tissue a neural stem cell population was(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury is a major cause of disability that has no clinically accepted treatment. Functional decline following spinal cord injury is caused by mechanical damage, secondary cell death, reactive gliosis and a poor regenerative capacity of damaged axons. Wnt proteins are a family of secreted glycoproteins that play key roles in different(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury is a major cause of long-term disability and has no current clinically accepted treatment. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, is best known as a regulator of food intake and energy expenditure. Interestingly, several studies have demonstrated that leptin has significant effects on proliferation and cell survival in different(More)