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Laccases are multi-copper containing oxidases (EC, widely distributed in fungi, higher plants and bacteria. Laccase catalyses the oxidation of phenols, polyphenols and anilines by one-electron abstraction, with the concomitant reduction of oxygen to water in a four-electron transfer process. In the presence of small redox mediators, laccase offers(More)
Laccases are an interesting group of multi copper enzymes, which have received much attention of researchers in last decades due to their ability to oxidize both phenolic and non-phenolic lignin related compounds as well as highly recalcitrant environmental pollutants. This makes these biocatalysts very useful for their application in several(More)
Modern biocatalysis is developing new and precise tools to improve a wide range of production processes, which reduce energy and raw material consumption and generate less waste and toxic side-products. Biocatalysis is also achieving new advances in environmental fields, from enzymatic bioremediation to the synthesis of renewable and clean energies and(More)
A novel enzyme, RA.04, belonging to the alpha-amylase family was obtained after expression of metagenomic DNA from rumen fluid (Ferrer et al.: Environ. Microbiol. 2005, 7, 1996-2010). The purified RA.04 has a tetrameric structure (280 kDa) and exhibited maximum activity (5000 U/mg protein) at 70 degrees C and was active within an unusually broad pH range(More)
RL5, a gene coding for a novel polyphenol oxidase, was identified through activity screening of a metagenome expression library from bovine rumen microflora. Characterization of the recombinant protein produced in Escherichia coli revealed a multipotent capacity to oxidize a wide range of substrates (syringaldazine > 2,6-dimethoxyphenol > veratryl alcohol >(More)
Efficient transformation of several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was obtained using a fungal laccase in the presence of phenolic compounds related to those formed in nature during the turnover of lignin and humus. The effect of these natural mediators, namely vanillin, acetovanillone, acetosyringone, syringaldehyde, 2,4,6-trimethylphenol,(More)
A fructosyltransferase present in Pectinex Ultra SP-L, a commercial enzyme preparation from Aspergillus aculeatus, was purified to 107-fold and further characterised. The enzyme was a dimeric glycoprotein (20% (w/w) carbohydrate content) with a molecular mass of around 135 kDa for the dimer. Optimal activity/stability was found in the pH range 5.0-7.0 and(More)
The β-fructofuranosidase Xd-INV from the yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is the largest microbial enzyme producing neo-fructooligosaccharides (neo-FOS) known to date. It mainly synthesizes neokestose and neonystose, oligosaccharides with potentially improved prebiotic properties. The Xd-INV gene comprises an open reading frame of 1995 bp, which encodes(More)
The extracellular β-fructofuranosidase Xd-INV from the yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous mainly synthesizes the neo-fructooligosaccharides (neo-FOS) neokestose and neonystose. This enzyme is a glycoprotein with a content of 59-67% N-linked carbohydrates and an estimated molecular mass of 160-200 kDa. The extent level of glycosylation affects the thermal(More)