Francisco J. Plou

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Laccases are multi-copper containing oxidases (EC, widely distributed in fungi, higher plants and bacteria. Laccase catalyses the oxidation of phenols, polyphenols and anilines by one-electron abstraction, with the concomitant reduction of oxygen to water in a four-electron transfer process. In the presence of small redox mediators, laccase offers(More)
An extracellular beta-fructofuranosidase from the yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous was characterized biochemically, molecularly, and phylogenetically. This enzyme is a glycoprotein with an estimated molecular mass of 160 kDa, of which the N-linked carbohydrate accounts for 60% of the total mass. It displays optimum activity at pH 5.0 to 6.5, and its(More)
The β-fructofuranosidase Xd-INV from the yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is the largest microbial enzyme producing neo-fructooligosaccharides (neo-FOS) known to date. It mainly synthesizes neokestose and neonystose, oligosaccharides with potentially improved prebiotic properties. The Xd-INV gene comprises an open reading frame of 1995 bp, which encodes(More)
The generation of diversity for directed protein evolution experiments shows an important bottleneck in the in vitro random mutagenesis protocols. Most of them are biased towards specific changes that eventually confer a predicted and conservative mutational spectrum, limiting the exploration of the vast protein space. The current work describes a simple(More)
The in vitro fermentation of several purified galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS), specifically the trisaccharides 4′-galactosyl-lactose and 6′-galactosyl-lactose and a mixture of the disaccharides 6-galactobiose and allolactose, was carried out. The bifidogenic effect of GOS at 1 % (w/v) was studied in a pH-controlled batch culture fermentation system(More)
BACKGROUND The ascomycete Ophiostoma piceae produces a sterol esterase (OPE) with high affinity towards p-nitrophenol, glycerol and sterol esters. Its hydrolytic activity on natural mixtures of triglycerides and sterol esters has been proposed for pitch biocontrol in paper industry since these compounds produce important economic losses during paper pulp(More)
Antioxidants protect cells against the effects of harmful free radicals and play an important role in preventing many human diseases (e.g. cancer, atherosclerosis, neurodegeneration, inflammatory disorders, etc.) and aging itself. In addition, antioxidant molecules are employed to prevent unsaturated oil products from becoming rancid during storage and thus(More)
The β-fructofuranosidase from the yeast Schwanniomyces occidentalis (Ffase) produces the prebiotic sugars 6-kestose and 1-kestose by transfructosylation of sucrose, which makes it of biotechnological interest. In this study, the hydrolase and transferase activity of this enzyme was kinetically characterized and its potential to synthesize new fructosylated(More)
A simple and inexpensive methodology, based on the use of micro-centrifuge filter tubes, is proposed for establishing the best enzyme immobilization conditions. The immobilized biocatalyst is located inside the filter holder during the whole protocol, thus facilitating the incubations, filtrations and washings. This procedure minimizes the amount of enzyme(More)
Basidiomycetous yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous expresses an α-glucosidase with strong transglycosylation activity producing prebiotic sugars such as panose and an unusual tetrasaccharides mixture including α–(1–6) bonds as major products, which makes it of biotechnological interest. Initial analysis pointed to a homodimeric protein of 60 kDa subunit as(More)
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