Francisco J. Lopez-Hernandez

Learn More
Nephrotoxicity is one of the most important side effects and therapeutical limitations of aminoglycoside antibiotics, especially gentamicin. Despite rigorous patient monitoring, nephrotoxicity appears in 10-25% of therapeutic courses. Traditionally, aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity has been considered to result mainly from tubular damage. Both lethal and(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a cytokine known to participate in several processes related to the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), including tubular degeneration. This is thought to occur mainly through apoptosis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tubule epithelial cells, which give rise to a reduction of the(More)
Vaccination is the most efficient prophylaxis against a variety of infectious diseases. New vaccination strategies rely on the incorporation of effective adjuvants, which stimulate the innate immune response and, in turn, activate the adaptive immune response. It is well established that flagellin induces inflammatory responses through the activation of(More)
It is estimated that over 10% of the adult population in developed countries have some degree of chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD is a progressive and irreversible deterioration of the renal excretory function that results in implementation of renal replacement therapy in the form of dialysis or renal transplant, which may also lead to death. CKD poses a(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) has been recognized as an important mediator in the genesis of chronic kidney diseases (CKD), which are characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in the glomeruli (glomerular fibrosis, glomerulosclerosis) and the tubular interstitium (tubulointerstitial fibrosis). Glomerulosclerosis is(More)
BACKGROUND Nephrotoxicity is the major limitation for the clinical use of cisplatin as an anti-tumoural drug. Our aim was to investigate the protective effect of quercetin on cisplatin nephrotoxicity in a rat tumour model in vivo and to examine the mechanisms of renal protection. METHODS Breast adenocarcinoma (13762 Mat B-III) cells were inoculated(More)
Cisplatin is among the most effective chemotherapeutic agents against solid tumors. Nephrotoxicity is the most common side effect of cisplatin chemotherapy, which limits the clinical use of cisplatin and seriously worsens the quality of life of cancer patients resulting in dosage reduction and discontinuation of treatment. Cisplatin involves a complex(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics are the most commonly used antibiotics worldwide in the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections. However, aminoglycosides induce nephrotoxicity in 10-20% of therapeutic courses. Aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity is characterized by slow rises in serum creatinine, tubular necrosis and marked decreases in glomerular(More)
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic widely used against infections by Gram-negative microorganisms. Nephrotoxicity is the main limitation to its therapeutic efficacy. Gentamicin nephrotoxicity occurs in 10-20% of therapeutic regimes. A central aspect of gentamicin nephrotoxicity is its tubular effect, which may range from a mere loss of the brush(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is overexpressed or constitutively activated in many cancer cells, where it induces expression of antiapoptotic genes correlating with resistance to anticancer therapies. Small molecules that inhibit the NF-kappaB signaling pathway could therefore be used to induce apoptosis in NF-kappaB-overexpressing tumors and(More)