Francisco J Leyva

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Rectally applied antiretroviral microbicides for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) of HIV infection are currently in development. Since enemas (rectal douches) are commonly used by men who have sex with men prior to receptive anal intercourse, a microbicide enema could enhance PrEP adherence by fitting seamlessly within the usual sexual practices. We assessed(More)
BACKGROUND We performed this study to determine the pulmonary capillary permeability (PCP) measuring radiolabeled human serum albumin leakage into the lung. The objective was to use PCP to differentiate between cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema etiologies. METHODS We conducted this study in 10 patients admitted to the intensive care unit who(More)
BACKGROUND The quest to obtain an accurate way to predict success when weaning a patient from mechanical ventilation continues. The established parameters such as tidal volume (Vt), respiratory rate (f), negative inspiratory force (NIF), vital capacity (VC), and minute ventilation (V) have not predicted weaning accurately. The frequency-to-tidal volume(More)
Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) of HIV infection with tenofovir-containing regimens is effective, but plagued by poor adherence in some studies. Options for safe, effective, and acceptable PrEP products, especially for men and women at risk of HIV via receptive anal intercourse (RAI), are needed. We performed a randomized, partially blinded, first-in-human(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify outcome predictors in bone marrow transplantation (BMT) patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center who required endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. DESIGN Retrospective, comparative study. SETTING A 16-bed medical intensive care unit in a university(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has proved valuable in the diagnosis of pulmonary complications in immunosuppressed patients. We evaluated the diagnostic yield of BAL in pulmonary complications in bone marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients. We reviewed sequentially the records of 89 patients during an 18-month period. BAL was diagnostic in 42 patients (47%).(More)
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