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Recent data suggest that changes in ionic content, primarily potassium, play a pivotal role in the progression of apoptosis. However, the changes in total element content, i.e., sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), phosphorous (P), chlorine (Cl), potassium (K), and calcium (Ca), during apoptosis have not been evaluated. Electron probe X-ray microanalysis (EPXMA)(More)
Gentamicin-induced changes in ionic composition in the otolithic membrane of adult OF1 mice were evaluated in the gelatinous layers of the saccule and utricle by quantitative electron probe X-ray microanalysis. The otolithic membranes were plunge-frozen and freeze-dried to prevent the redistribution of elements. Quantitative analysis was carried out with an(More)
The effect of tissue preparation on calcium and potassium weight percent in the otoconial layer in the utricle and saccule was studied in four groups of OF1 mice with electron probe X-ray microanalysis. Glutaraldehyde and freeze-drying, glutaraldehyde and air-drying, air-drying, and cryo-fixation and freeze-drying were compared. Ca and K changed(More)
INTRODUCTION The relationship between homocysteine (Hc) and vascular diseases has been known for more than 30 years. Lately, Hc has also been related to cognitive and motor impairment. In Parkinson's disease (PD), chronic treatment with levodopa could induce higher levels of Hc, and thus may increase risk of cognitive impairment. AIMS To confirm that PD(More)
We report a simple method to study the elemental content in cultured human adherent cells by electron probe X-ray microanalysis with scanning electron microscopy. Cells were adapted to grow on polycarbonate tissue culture cell inserts, washed with distilled water, plunge-frozen with liquid nitrogen and freeze-dried. Unstained, freeze-dried cultured cells(More)
BACKGROUND Paclitaxel, a widely-used antineoplastic drug, produces a painful peripheral neuropathy that in rodents is associated with peripheral-nerve mitochondrial alterations. The sigma-1 receptor (σ1R) is a ligand-regulated molecular chaperone involved in mitochondrial calcium homeostasis and pain hypersensitivity. This receptor plays a key role in(More)
We describe a simple procedure to prepare cultured cells in suspension to analyse elemental content at the cellular level by electron probe X-ray microanalysis. Cells cultured in suspension were deposited onto polycarbonate tissue, culture plate well inserts, centrifuged at low g, washed to remove the extracellular medium, cryofixed and freeze-dried, and(More)
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