Francisco J Bedoya

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Taurine is a conditionally essential amino acid for human that is involved in the control of glucose homeostasis; however, the mechanisms by which the amino acid affects blood glucose levels are unknown. Using an animal model, we have studied these mechanisms. Mice were supplemented with taurine for 30 d. Blood glucose homeostasis was assessed by(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1beta is a pleiotropic cytokine implicated in a variety of activities, including damage of insulin-producing cells, brain injury, or neuromodulatory responses. Many of these effects are mediated by nitric oxide (NO) produced by the induction of NO synthase (iNOS) expression. We report here that IL-1beta provokes a marked repression of(More)
Neutrophils are mobilized to the vascular wall during vessel inflammation. Published data are conflicting on phagocytic nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activation during the hypertensive state, and the capacity of angiotensin II (Ang II) to modulate the intracellular redox status has not been analyzed in neutrophils. We here(More)
Oxidizing agents are powerful activators of factors responsible for the transcriptional activation of cytokine-encoding genes involved in tissue injury. In this study we show evidence that STAT3 is a transcription factor whose activity is modulated by H2O2 in human lymphocytes, in which endogenous catalase had previously been inhibited. H2O2-induced nuclear(More)
Generation of high levels of nitric oxide (NO) following induction of NOS2 by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) triggers beta cell apoptosis in insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. Mitochondrial and nuclear events such as downregulation of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2, activation of the pore responsible for the permeability transition (PT) and DNA fragmentation(More)
Exposure of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells to high concentrations of chemical nitric oxide (NO) donors promotes differentiation, but the mechanisms involved in this process at the gene expression level are poorly defined. In this study we report that culture of mES cells in the presence of 0.25–1.0 mM diethylenetriamine nitric oxide adduct (DETA-NO) leads(More)
Chronic infusion of nondiabetic rats with glucose for up to 7 days modified the insulin secretory response by subsequently perifused islets. Thus, on the 1st day of infusion with 40% glucose, the islets responded to 16.7 mM glucose with a 3.9-fold increase in insulin release during the first 10 min with no significant change during the second-phase insulin(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an intracellular messenger in several cell systems, but its contribution to embryonic stem cell (ESC) biology has not been characterized. Exposure of ESCs to low concentrations (2–20 μM) of the NO donor diethylenetriamine NO adduct confers protection from apoptosis elicited by leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) withdrawal. NO blocked(More)
In the present study, we have examined the potential ability of 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) to modulate NADPH oxidase activity in human neutrophils. AMPK activated with either 5'-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) or with 5'-AMP significantly attenuated both phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and formyl methionyl leucyl(More)
We presently investigated the effects of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), a potent inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B), on the induction of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) mRNAs by IL-1 beta in insulin-producing RIN cells. PDTC decreased by 90% both IL-1 beta-induced increase in medium nitrite(More)