Francisco Garcia Soriano

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Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) seems to have a central role in the neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Familial forms of the disease have been linked to mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and the presenilin genes. Disease-linked mutations in these genes result in increased production of the 42-amino-acid form of the peptide (Abeta42),(More)
The free radical nitric oxide (NO) has emerged in recent years as a fundamental signaling molecule for the maintenance of homeostasis, as well as a potent cytotoxic effector involved in the pathogenesis of a wide range of human diseases. Although this paradoxical fate has generated confusion, separating the biological actions of NO on the basis of its(More)
The PDAPP transgenic mouse overexpresses human amyloid precursor protein V717F (PDAPP minigene) and develops age-related cerebral amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) deposits similar to senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease. We find age-related cortical and limbic Abeta deposition that begins at 8 months and progresses to cover 20-50% of the neuropil in cingulate(More)
Oxygen- and nitrogen-derived free radicals and oxidants play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic endothelial dysfunction. Recently we proposed the importance of oxidant-induced DNA strand breakage and activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the pathogenesis of diabetic endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To synthesize novel inhibitors of the nuclear enzyme poly(adenosine 5'-diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) synthetase (PARS), also known as poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and to test them in in vitro models of oxidant-induced cytotoxicity and in endotoxin and splanchnic occlusion-reperfusion-induced shock. DESIGN Randomized, prospective laboratory(More)
Patients with diabetes exhibit a high incidence of diabetic cardiomyopathy and vascular complications, which underlie the development of retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy and increase the risk of hypertension, stroke, and myocardial infarction. There is emerging evidence that the activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)(More)
Gram-negative sepsis is mediated by the actions of proinflammatory genes induced in response to microbes and their products. We report that flagellin, the monomeric subunit of flagella, is a potent proinflammatory species released by Salmonella. Flagellin (1 microgram/ml) induces IkappaBalpha degradation, NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, and inducible NO(More)
Peroxynitrite and hydroxyl radicals are potent initiators of DNA single-strand breakage, which is an obligatory stimulus for the activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP). In response to high glucose incubation medium in vitro, or diabetes and hyperglycemia in vivo, reactive nitrogen and oxygen species generation occurs. These(More)
Objective and design: Oxygen- and nitrogen-derived free radicals and oxidants play an important role in the pathogenesis of various forms of inflammation. Recent work emphasizes the importance of oxidant-induced DNA strand breakage and activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases.(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidly obese patients frequently display asymptomatic chronic activation of acute phase response, with potentially adverse metabolic and cardiovascular consequences. Nutritional preparations to improve this phenomenon have rarely been administered. Aiming to investigate the supplementation of flaxseed flour, a source of omega-3 fatty acids, a(More)