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The cadherin-catenin proteins have in common with heat shock proteins (HSP) the capacity to bind/interact proteins of other classes. Moreover, there are common molecular pathways that connect the HSP response and the cadherin-catenin protein system. In the present study, we have explored whether in breast cancer the HSP might interact functionally with the(More)
Breast carcinogenesis is a multistep process that involves both genetic and epigenetic alterations. Identification of aberrantly methylated genes in breast tumors and their relation to clinical parameters can contribute to improved diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic decision making. Our objective in the present study was to identify the methylation(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are induced in vitro by several cytotoxic drugs; in human breast cancer cells these proteins appear to be involved in anti-cancer drug resistance. The present report was designed to analyze whether chemotherapy affects in vivo the expression of Hsp27, Hsp70, Hsc70 and Hsp90 in breast cancer patients treated with induction(More)
Caveolin-1 has been linked to tumor progression and clinical outcome in breast cancer, but a clear resolution of its role as a prognostic marker is lacking. We assessed caveolin-1 levels in normal breast tissue and two breast cancer cohorts for which outcome data were available. We found that caveolin-1 was not expressed in normal breast luminal epithelium(More)
The response of breast cancer patients to endocrine therapy is guided by the expression of two steroid hormone receptors (HR): estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and/or progesterone receptors (PR). In most laboratories the expression of these predictive markers is studied by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the breast cancer biopsy samples. Another molecular(More)
The presence of immunoreactive adrenocorticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), and somatostatin has been investigated by immunohistochemistry in forty biopsies from breast cancer patients. All of these hypothalamic hormones were found in about 30% of the samples, seen in the(More)
Expression of c-erbB-2 protein has been associated with poor prognosis and poor response to chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. In the present prospective study, we have analyzed whether c-erbB-2, p53 and P170 proteins may be determinants of tumor resistance in locally advanced breast cancer patients treated with induction chemotherapy. Biopsies (n =(More)
Genetic and epigenetic events play a critical role in the tumorigenic process of breast cancer. The more genes are studied, the more accurate the epigenetic "signature" can be established. The aim of our work has been to apply the technique Methylation-Specific Multiplex Ligation dependent Probe Amplification (MS-MLPA) to study the methylation profile of 26(More)
Using the clinically relevant 4T1-derived syngeneic murine model of spontaneous mammary metastasis to bone, we have identified the cysteine cathepsin inhibitor Stefin A as a gene differentially expressed in primary and metastatic mammary tumours. In primary tumours, Stefin A expression correlated inversely with metastatic potential in 4T1-derived lines and(More)
In this study we have examined biopsies from women with localized primary breast cancer to investigate the prognostic performance of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) for estimating the metastatic probability of the patients, and to explore whether discrimination gets better by combining clinicopathological and other molecular(More)