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OBJECTIVES To assess the changes in HIV prevalence and incidence between 1996 and 2006 in urban areas of Bissau. DESIGN A cross-sectional survey of 384 randomly selected houses within a community-based follow-up study of HIV-1 and HIV-2. METHODS A total of 3242 individuals aged at least 15 years were eligible for inclusion. Participants were interviewed(More)
Infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease, is associated with an early and dominant humoral response to the spirochete's 23-kDa outer surface protein C (OspC). We have cloned and expressed OspC as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli and have shown that patient serum samples react with it in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
In 2006, a cross-sectional survey of 384 randomly selected houses within a community-based follow-up study was conducted to assess the human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) prevalence in Bissau. Changes in prevalence and incidence rates were assessed based on a similar survey carried out 10 years earlier. The prevalence of HTLV-1 declined significantly(More)
Environmental risk factors associated with increased malaria mosquito (Anopheles) abundance indoors were studied in a suburban area, Antula, of Guinea Bissau, during the rainy seasons of 1993-1995. All bedrooms in 30 houses were searched for resting mosquitoes three times each year. The most abundant mosquito was An. gambiae s.s. Significantly greater(More)
In an effort to describe the natural history of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection and diarrhea, 200 children in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa, were followed up from birth until up to age 2 years with weekly stool specimen collection, regardless of whether the children had diarrhea. ETEC isolates were tested for the presence of the porcine and(More)
We have found that sera from patients with early stages of Lyme disease contain predominant immunoglobulin M reactivity to a major 23-kDa protein (p23) from Borrelia burgdorferi 2591 isolated in Connecticut. To characterize this immunodominant antigen, we cloned and sequenced p23 and found it to be 83% identical by nucleotide sequence and 75% identical by(More)
We recruited 200 children shortly after birth and collected stool specimens weekly, irrespective of whether the children had diarrhea, until up to 2 years of age. All children were recruited during the first year of the study and were monitored for a median of 18.4 months. To measure pathogenicity, the odds ratio for diarrhea, adjusted for age, sex, and(More)
A community-based study of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) infection was conducted in a rural village in northern Guinea Bissau, West Africa to assess the relationship between plasma HIV-2 RNA levels, CD4 lymphocyte percentage, and survival over an 8-year period. The cohort of 133 HIV-2-infected individuals and 160 HIV-uninfected controls(More)
OBJECTIVES Sentinel surveys in Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, have shown low prevalence of HIV-1 but high HIV-2 prevalence before 1998. Guinea-Bissau experienced a civil war in 1998-1999. To examine specifically the trends of HIV prevalence from antenatal surveys in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau in 1987-2004, and whether the civil war in 1998-1999 could have(More)
OBJECTIVES To study prevalence and incidence of HIV-1 and HIV-2 between 1990 and 2007 and to examine impact of the civil war in 1998-1999. We also wanted to investigate possible interaction between HIV-1 and HIV-2. DESIGN Open prospective cohort study of 4592 police officers in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa. METHODS Analysis of HIV-1 and HIV-2 prevalence(More)