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Cenotes (sinkholes) are the most peculiar aquatic ecosystem of the Yucatan Peninsula (SE Mexico). They are formed by dissolution of the carbonate rock in the karstic platform of the Yucatan Peninsula. A wide morphological variety is observed from caves filled with ground water to open cenotes. In some cenotes, particularly those close to the sea, underneath(More)
Flood and flow pulses are primary factors that regulate macroinvertebrate community structure in river-floodplain ecosystems. In order to assess the impacts of these important hydrological events in a regulated Mediterranean river, bimonthly water and macroinvertebrate samples were collected in 2006 in the Middle Ebro River channel and six floodplain(More)
Based on the comparison of environmental requirements forRuppia cirrhosa andPotamogeton pectinatus growth, macrophyteversus phytoplankton biomass and production features, and differences in hydrological and nutrient balances between Tancada lagoon (where macrophytes form dense beds) and Encañizada lagoon (with no macrophytes at all), several proposals for(More)
The pulsing of river discharge affects biodiversity and productivity of whole river–floodplain ecosystems, triggering the transport, storage and processing of carbon. In this study we investigate the short-term changes in water chemistry and net pelagic metabolism (NEP) in two floodplain lakes in response to a flood pulse. The two oxbow lakes investigated(More)
Wetlands are among the most productive and economically valuable ecosystems in the world. However, because of human activities, over half of the wetland ecosystems existing in North America, Europe, Australia, and China in the early 20th century have been lost. Ecological restoration to recover critical ecosystem services has been widely attempted, but the(More)
An understanding of risks to biodiversity is needed for planning action to slow current rates of decline and secure ecosystem services for future human use. Although the IUCN Red List criteria provide an effective assessment protocol for species, a standard global assessment of risks to higher levels of biodiversity is currently limited. In 2008, IUCN(More)
Traditionally, wetland management strategies have focused on single familiar objectives, such as improving water quality, strengthening biodiversity, and providing flood control. Despite the relevant amount of studies focused on wetland creation or restoration with these and other objectives, still little is known on how to integrate objectives of wetland(More)
This paper presents series on top shares of income and wealth in Spain using personal income and wealth tax return statistics. Top income shares are highest in the 1930s, fall sharply during the first decade of the Franco dictatorship, then remain stable and low till the 1980s, and have increased since the mid 1990s. The top 0.01% income share in Spain(More)
The litter-bag technique was used to study the effect of seasonality (spring–summer versus autumn–winter) and nutrient availability on leaf decomposition in two Mediterranean watercourses: the Ebro river, which is eutrophic, and the Sènia stream. To establish the effect of macroinvertebrates on litter breakdown, we used air-dried leaves from the two(More)
Populus alba L. is an autochthonous species dominating the overstory of the floodplain forests across the Mediterranean region. In contrast to some other Populus spp., very little is known about its regeneration strategies. Poplars yearly disperse huge amounts of wind- and water-dispersed, non-dormant, short-lived tiny seeds that need the bare, open and(More)