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We present a correlative fate map of the nonsegmented caudal hindbrain down to the medullospinal boundary (medulla oblongata), as a companion to a previous fate mapping study of the hindbrain rhombomeres r2-r6 in quail chick chimeras at stages HH10/11 [Marín and Puelles (1995) Eur J Neurosci 7:1714-1738]. For reproducibility and equivalent precision of(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal antithrombotic therapy strategy for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI-S) is unknown. We assessed the safety of antithrombotic therapy strategies in AF patients with indication for oral anticoagulation (OAC) undergoing PCI-S. METHODS We studied consecutive AF(More)
The Hoxa2 gene is an important component of regulatory events during hindbrain segmentation and head development in vertebrates. In this study we have used sequenced comparisons of the Hoxa2 locus from 12 vertebrate species in combination with detailed regulatory analyses in mouse and chicken embryos to characterize the mechanistic basis for the regulation(More)
The Hoxb1 autoregulatory enhancer directs segmental expression in vertebrate hindbrain. Three conserved repeats (R1, R2, and R3) in the enhancer have been described as Pbx-Hoxb1 (PH) binding sites, and one Pbx-Meinox (PM) binding site has also been characterized. We have investigated the importance and relative roles of PH and PM binding sites with respect(More)
The study of biomarkers and their signalling pathways has allowed the development of new therapeutic strategies in a range of disorders. The aim of the present systematic review is to provide an overview of different biomarkers in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that could give some insight into the pathophysiologic mechanism(s) underlying the(More)
Sequence divergence in cis-regulatory elements is an important mechanism contributing to functional diversity of genes during evolution. Gene duplication and divergence provide an opportunity for selectively preserving initial functions and evolving new activities. Many vertebrates have 39 Hox genes organized into four clusters (Hoxa-Hoxd); however, some(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by inappropriate hypertrophy, small-vessel coronary artery disease, myocyte disarray, and increased interstitial fibrosis. High-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) could be a reliable indicator of myocardial remodeling, a proposed prognostic marker in HCM. Therefore we hypothesized that increased(More)
Here, we define a gene regulatory network for Hoxa2, responsible for temporal and spatial expression in hindbrain development. Hoxa2 plays an important role in regulating the regional identity of rhombomere 2 (r2) and is the only Hox gene expressed in this segment. In this study, we found that a Hoxa2 cis-regulatory module consists of five elements that(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with indications for oral anticoagulation (OAC) undergoing percutaneous coronary artery stenting (PCI-S) represent a high-risk population for major bleeding complications. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is also associated with poor outcome after PCI-S. Limited data are available regarding the impact of CKD on the frequency of major(More)
Bleeding risk is increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and moderate to severe kidney disease (KD); however, the implication of mild KD on bleeding remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of mild KD increases risk for major bleeding (MB) in patients with AF undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with(More)