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Red seaweeds are key components of coastal ecosystems and are economically important as food and as a source of gelling agents, but their genes and genomes have received little attention. Here we report the sequencing of the 105-Mbp genome of the florideophyte Chondrus crispus (Irish moss) and the annotation of the 9,606 genes. The genome features an(More)
Cytochrome P-450-dependent hydroxylases are typical enzymes for the modification of basic flavonoid skeletons. We show in this study that CYP71D9 cDNA, previously isolated from elicitor-induced soybean (Glycine max L.) cells, codes for a protein with a novel hydroxylase activity. When heterologously expressed in yeast, this protein bound various flavonoids(More)
BACKGROUND Soluble sugars, which play a central role in plant structure and metabolism, are also involved in the responses to a number of stresses, and act as metabolite signalling molecules that activate specific or hormone-crosstalk transduction pathways. The different roles of exogenous sucrose in the tolerance of Arabidopsis thaliana plantlets to the(More)
Several omega and in-chain fatty acid hydroxylases have been characterized in higher plants. In microsomes from Helianthus tuberosus tuber the omega-2, omega-3, and omega-4 hydroxylation of lauric acid is catalyzed by one or a few closely related aminopyrine- and MnCl2-inducible cytochrome P450(s). To isolate the cDNA and determine the sequences of the(se)(More)
In higher plants, plastid development must be tightly coordinated with cell and organ development. In this paper, a novel T-DNA-mutagenized Arabidopsis line showing chlorotic leaves and minute stature was identified in a genetic screen for altered chloroplast development. The mutation corresponded to a single locus on chromosome IV and was associated with(More)
Here are examined the root uptake and phytotoxicity of octahedral hexamolybdenum clusters on rapeseed plants using the solid state compound Cs(2)Mo(6)Br(14) as cluster precursor. [Mo(6)Br(14)](2-) cluster units are nanosized entities offering a strong and stable emission in the near-infrared region with numerous applications in biotechnology. To investigate(More)
Screening of a wheat cDNA library with an heterologous CYP81B1 probe from Helianthus tuberosus led to the isolation of a partial cDNA coding a protein with all the characteristics of a typical P450 with high homology (32-39% identity) to the fungal and mammalian CYP51s. Extensive screening of several wheat cDNA libraries isolated a longer cDNA (W516) coding(More)
Rubidium uptake in potassium-starved cells followed biphasic kinetics in the micromolar and millimolar range and was independent of the temperature. In contrast, Rb(+) uptake in normal-K(+) cells followed a monophasic kinetics in the millimolar range and increased at temperatures higher than 30 degrees C. Differences in the K(m) values and in the Arrhenius(More)
Plants exposed to ionising radiation (IR) have to face direct and indirect (oxidative stress) deleterious effects whose intensity depends on the dose applied and led to differential genome regulation. Transcriptomic analyses were conducted with CATMA microarray technology on Arabidopsis thaliana plantlets, 2 and 26h after exposure to the IR doses 10Gy and(More)
An Arabidopsis thaliana T-DNA insertional mutant was identified and characterized for enhanced tolerance to the singlet-oxygen-generating herbicide atrazine in comparison to wild-type. This enhanced atrazine tolerance mutant was shown to be affected in the promoter structure and in the regulation of expression of the APL4 isoform of ADP-glucose(More)