Francisco Caballero

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The etiology of progression from steatosis to steatohepatitis (SH) remains unknown. Using nutritional and genetic models of hepatic steatosis, we show that free cholesterol (FC) loading, but not free fatty acids or triglycerides, sensitizes to TNF- and Fas-induced SH. FC distribution in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and plasma membrane did not cause ER stress(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) pathogenesis remains unknown. Due to the emerging role of free cholesterol (FC) in NAFLD, our aim was to examine the correlation between FC accumulation in patients with NAFLD and the expression of enzymes that regulate cholesterol homeostasis. METHODS Filipin staining, indicative of FC(More)
Mexico is reaching universal health coverage in 2012. A national health insurance programme called Seguro Popular, introduced in 2003, is providing access to a package of comprehensive health services with financial protection for more than 50 million Mexicans previously excluded from insurance. Universal coverage in Mexico is synonymous with social(More)
The terms extended donor or expanded donor mean changes in donor acceptability criteria. In almost all cases, the negative connotations of these terms cannot be justified. Factors considered to affect donor or organ acceptability have changed with time, after showing that they did not negatively affect graft or patient survival per se or when the adequate(More)
Cholesterol is a critical component of biological membranes, which not only plays an essential role in determining membrane physical properties, but also in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways. Cells satisfy their need for cholesterol either by uptake from nutrients and lipoproteins or de novo synthesis from acetyl-CoA. The latter process occurs(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver steatosis enhances ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and is considered a primary factor in graft failure after liver transplantation. Although previous reports have shown a role for qualitative steatosis (macrovesicular vs. microvesicular) in hepatic I/R injury, no studies have compared side by side the specific contribution of(More)
BACKGROUND The shortage of organs for transplantation has made it necessary to extend the criteria for the selection of donors, among others including those patients who die because of toxic substances such as methanol. Methanol is a toxic which is distributed through all the systems and viscera of the organism and tends to cause a severe metabolic(More)
The pathogenesis and treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are not well established. Feeding a diet deficient in both methionine and choline (MCD) is one of the most common models of NASH, which is characterized by steatosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, hepatocellular injury, oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis. However, the individual(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is the master regulator of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) susceptibility. Although mitochondrial glutathione (mGSH) depletion was shown to sensitize hepatocytes to TNF despite NF-kappaB activation, the mechanisms involved, particularly the role of Bax oligomerization and mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM)(More)
There has been great interest in the extent of β-cell regeneration after pancreatic duct ligation (PDL) and whether α- to β-cell conversion might account for β-cell regeneration after near-complete β-cell loss. To assess these questions, we established a PDL-model in adult male rats after almost complete beta-cell depletion achieved by giving a single high(More)