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This study was conducted to determine leptospirosis seroprevalence in sheep and their spatial distribution as well as identify risk factors associated with seropositivity in sheep from 37 herds and 11 municipalities in the Presidente Dutra microregion, Maranhão state, Brazil. We analyzed 379 blood serum samples using a Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT).(More)
A recombinant protein, rLdccys1, produced by expression of the gene encoding a 30kDa cysteine proteinase from Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi, was used to detect specific antibodies in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and to test for reactivity in delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses of dogs from an endemic region of visceral(More)
In this study, we detected Leishmania spp. infection in R. sanguineus collected from dogs that were naturally infected with L. (L.) infantum. We examined 35 dogs of both sexes and unknown ages. The infected dogs were serologically positive by the immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Quick Test-DPP (Dual(More)
AIMS To assess of the genotypic diversity of Candida albicans isolated from removable prosthesis wearers, with and without denture-related stomatitis (DRS). The occurrence of different genotypes in pathological and control cases was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred and sixty-four isolates of C. albicans obtained from different oral cavity(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been known to occur in the state of Piauí since 1934. The typically rural disease began to appear in urban areas over time, being concentrated mainly in Teresina, the capital of Piauí. Teresina was also affected by the first urban epidemic of VL in Brazil. Over 1,000 cases of the disease were reported during urbanization(More)
We report a case of a 79-year-old woman with long-standing achalasia that resulted in respiratory stridor and dyspnea. She was evaluated for tracheal compression with use of CT on inspiration and expiration. Airway obstruction and acute respiratory distress secondary to achalasia have been reported in the clinical literature. The importance of recognizing(More)
Megaoesophagus resulting from achalasia is a rare but serious cause of airway obstruction. The exact aetiology remains unclear. Achalasia normally presents as weight loss, dysphasia and regurgitation but frequently considerable oesophageal distension can occur without complain and very rarely cause of achalasia presents with stridor or respiratory distress.(More)
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare proliferative disorder of Langerhans cells of unknown etiology. It can involve multiple organ systems with different clinical presentation, which complicates the diagnosis. It can range from isolated to multisystem disease with different prognosis. Although common among children, liver involvement is relatively(More)
We studied effects of monoclonal antibodies on lymphocyte subpopulations in patients with allergic rhinitis treated with histamine2 antagonists. The OKT4/OKT8 ratio after treatment showed a statistically significant decrease compared with initial values, the expression of a relative increase in the OKT8 subpopulation containing the suppressor fraction. In(More)