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INTRODUCTION Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a common organophosphate (OP) insecticide that has been widely used in extensive agriculture as a pesticide. The primary mechanism of acute toxic action of OPs is inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). However, targets other than AChE have been proposed to contribute to the acute lethal action and side effects of(More)
UNLABELLED This research examines the effects of different degrees of pesticide exposure on neuropsychological performance. Exposures varied from acute poisoning coupled with chronic exposure to low or high levels of chronic exposure (defined by years of exposure). A cross-sectional neuropsychological and biochemical study was conducted in greenhouse(More)
Exposure to pesticides has been linked to an increased vulnerability to neurodegenerative diseases. In order to study whether the exposure to the organophosphate chlorpyrifos renders the brain prone to amyloid-beta peptide deposition and accelerates its neuropathological and behavioural effects, Wistar rats were injected a single subcutaneous dose of(More)
In this study we have examined the involvement of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) along with the Nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) in two types of spatial navigation tasks. We evaluated the effects of excitotoxic (ibotenate-induced) lesions of the NBM in an allocentric and an egocentric task in the Morris water maze, using sham operations for a comparison.(More)
Previous experiments have shown that infusions of ibotenic acid in the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) induce a strong impairment in spatial navigation for a hidden platform in the Morris water maze. This effect was initially attributed to a cholinergic deficit, but later studies showed that performance level did not correlate with the degree of(More)
During the last decade neuroscientists have shown an increasing interest in adult neurogenesis and a number of studies have been focused on the role that it could play in learning and memory processes. One of the brain structures that generates new neurons along adulthood is the Dentate Gyrus of the hippocampus. This structure is involved in learning and(More)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has proved to increase brain cortex plasticity and different models of brain damage. In this work, we have analyzed the effects of tDCS in an experimental model of amblyopia using Long-Evans rats. Animals were monocularly deprived between 12 and 75 postnatal days and visual cortex contralateral to the deprived(More)
Little is known about the long-term effects of chronic exposure to low-level organophosphate (OP) pesticides, and the role of neurotransmitter systems, other than the cholinergic system, in mediating OP neurotoxicity. In this study, rats were administered 5mg/kg/day of chlorpyrifos (CPF) for 6 months commencing at 3-months-of-age. The animals were examined(More)
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