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Malignant pleural effusions are a common clinical problem in patients with primary thoracic malignancy and metastatic malignancy to the thorax. Symptoms can be debilitating and can impair tolerance of anticancer therapy. This article presents a comprehensive review of pharmaceutical and nonpharmaceutical approaches to the management of malignant pleural(More)
The CD4 lymphocyte plays a pivotal role in both sarcoidosis and HIV infection. Caring for a patient with both conditions represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We describe a patient, previously diagnosed with sarcoidosis, who subsequently contracted HIV infection. Manifestations of sarcoidosis were clinically silent until highly active(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Microdebrider bronchoscopy is a relatively new modality for the management of central airway obstruction (CAO) of both benign and malignant origin. Our objective was to describe our experience with this technique, with special attention to its safety and effectiveness. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed cases of therapeutic(More)
INTRODUCTION Oncogenic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements in non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC) provide the basis for targeted therapy with crizotinib and other specific ALK inhibitors. Treatment eligibility is conventionally determined by the Food and Drug Administration-approved companion diagnostic fluorescence in situ hybridization(More)
BACKGROUND Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) is a catheter-based adjunct to standard bronchoscopic techniques for the sampling of lung lesions. We sought to evaluate the adequacy of ENB-obtained samples for histologic subtyping of lung cancer, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, and echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like(More)
OBJECTIVES Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation status should be determined in all patients with advanced, non-squamous non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) to guide targeted therapy with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. EGFR mutations are commonly tested by Sanger sequencing or allele specific polymerase chain reaction (ASPCR) on(More)
Various techniques, including standard bronchoscopy, transthoracic needle aspiration and mediastinoscopy, are used for diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. Minimizing the number of invasive procedures for lung cancer diagnosis and staging is preferred, however, and a growing number of bronchoscopic techniques are being used. Currently available techniques(More)
Historically, patients presenting with a hemothorax of any cause have been treated with tube thoracostomy. We describe 2 patients with a hemothorax successfully treated with an indwelling tunneled pleural catheter. Our cases may suggest a new treatment modality for selected patients with hemothorax.
BACKGROUND Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is performed with a dedicated 22- or 21-gauge needle while suction is applied. Fine-needle sampling without suction (capillary sampling) has been studied for endoscopic ultrasound and for biopsies at various body sites and has resulted in similar diagnostic yield(More)
BACKGROUND There is significant variation between physicians in terms of how they perform therapeutic bronchoscopy, but there are few data on whether these differences impact effectiveness. METHODS This was a multicenter registry study of patients undergoing therapeutic bronchoscopy for malignant central airway obstruction. The primary outcome was(More)