Francisca T Velcek

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Octreotide is used as a second-line treatment for hyerinsulinemic hypoglycemia in neonates who do not respond to diazoxide. We present a case of a full-term newborn with massive enterocolitis that developed after octreotide was started for the treatment of refractory hypoglycemia. Multiple intestinal resections were necessary to save intestinal length and(More)
Since the introduction of the levatorplasty, 44 patients were operated upon for anal incontinence on our service. In 31 patients, a levatorplasty was performed. The selection of the levatorplasty as operative procedure was based on the availability of a functional levator as demonstrated by physical examination, anorectal manometry, and defecography. The 31(More)
Our review of the incidence of inguinal hernias in children based on socioeconomic differences and their risk of incarceration with its subsequent complications, was prompted by a governmental decision to disallow elective herniorrhaphy in children over 1 yr of age. The review showed the following: The risk of incarceration, the failure of preoperative(More)
Urachal remnants, although relatively rare, masquerade as a large number of diverse disorders leading to a high rate of misdiagnosis. A typical case is reported in which a 10-year-old boy presented to the Emergency Department twice before being incorrectly diagnosed with a pelvic or lower abdominal periappendiceal abscess. Definitive diagnosis and treatment(More)
Most colonic polyps in children are of the juvenile type and occur either as single or scattered colonic polyps. The peak incidence occurs between 4 and 6 yr of age, with a spontaneous decline from 12 to 15 yr. Significant clinical symptoms are rare, and operative therapy is rarely indicated. Diffuse colonic juvenile polyposis, however, varies with(More)
Previous work in our laboratories showed that canine omental replantation of splenic wafers leads to reproducible viability, restoration of filtrative function, bacterial clearance, and normal antibody formation. An identical technique has been employed in children whose spleen could not be repaired since 1979. During a 3-yr follow-up viability of the(More)
The radiologic findings in five neonates with choledochal cyst associated with extra-hepatic biliary atresia are described. All five patients (age range, 13-72 days) presented with jaundice and acholic stools. In all four patients who underwent sonographic examination, a cystic structure separate from the gallbladder representing the choledochal cyst was(More)
Recent studies have shown the efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in the treatment of venous thromboembolic disease in children. Compared to unfractionated heparin and coumadin, LMWH has more predictable pharmacokinetics and a reported lower incidence of osteoporosis and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in children. The overall incidence of(More)
The function of replanted splenic fragments was studied by comparing three groups of five dogs each, one group with intact spleens; one, post-splenectomy; and one with splenic replantation. Fifteen fragments were implanted into the omentum. Howell-Jolly bodies appeared after splenectomy but cleared in the replanted group after several months. I125-tagged(More)
A review of tongue lesions in children showed that there is a great variety requiring operative intervention, often in infancy. While the presenting symptoms may be related to dysphagia and dyspnea, the aim of operative intervention should not only be to salvage life by restoration of breathing and swallowing, but also to leave a tongue capable of adequate(More)