Francisca C. Reyes

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Plasma membrane proteins internalized by endocytosis and targeted for degradation are sorted into lumenal vesicles of multivesicular bodies (MVBs) by the endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) machinery. Here, we show that the Arabidopsis thaliana ESCRT-related CHARGED MULTIVESICULAR BODY PROTEIN/CHROMATIN MODIFYING PROTEIN1A (CHMP1A)(More)
Endosomes regulate both the recycling and degradation of plasma membrane (PM) proteins, thereby modulating many cellular responses triggered at the cell surface. Endosomes also play a role in the biosynthetic pathway by taking proteins to the vacuole and recycling vacuolar cargo receptors. In plants, the trans-Golgi network (TGN) acts as an early/recycling(More)
Zeins, the prolamin storage proteins found in maize (Zea mays), accumulate in accretions called protein bodies inside the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of starchy endosperm cells. We found that genes encoding zeins, α-globulin, and legumin-1 are transcribed not only in the starchy endosperm but also in aleurone cells. Unlike the starchy endosperm, aleurone(More)
The synthesis of non-cellulosic polysaccharides occurs in the Golgi apparatus and requires a great number of metabolites (substrates and ions). Many enzymes use these substrates to add sugar residues to nascent polysaccharides chains or to introduce methyl and acetyl groups onto these polymers. Most of these metabolites are in the cytosol and their(More)
ESCRT proteins mediate membrane remodeling and scission events and are essential for endosomal sorting of plasma membrane proteins for degradation. We have identified a novel, plant-specific ESCRT component called PROS (POSITIVE REGULATOR OF SKD1) in Arabidopsis thaliana. PROS has a strong positive effect on the in vitro ATPase activity of SKD1 (also known(More)
Developing maize (Zea mays) endosperms can be excised from the maternal tissues and undergo tissue/cell-type differentiation under in vitro conditions. We have developed a method to transform in vitro-grown endosperms using Agrobacterium tumefaciens and standard binary vectors. We show that both aleurone and starchy endosperm cells can be successfully(More)
Reversible glycosylated polypeptides (RGPs) are highly conserved plant-specific proteins, which can perform self-glycosylation. These proteins have been shown essential in plants yet its precise function remains unknown. In order to understand the function of this self-glycosylating polypeptide, it is important to establish what factors are involved in the(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which vascular tissues acquire their identities are largely unknown. Here, we report on the identification and characterization of VASCULATURE COMPLEXITY AND CONNECTIVITY (VCC), a member of a 15-member, plant-specific gene family in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) that encodes proteins of unknown function with four predicted(More)
The folding of glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) depends on a quality control mechanism mediated by the calnexin/calreticulin cycle. During this process, continuous glucose trimming and UDP-glucose-dependent re-glucosylation of unfolded glycoproteins takes place. To ensure proper folding, increases in misfolded proteins lead to up-regulation(More)
UDP-glucose: glycoprotein glucosyltransferase (UGGT) is a key player in the quality control mechanism (ER-QC) that newly synthesized glycoproteins undergo in the ER. It has been shown that the UGGT Arabidopsis orthologue is involved in ER-QC; however, its role in plant physiology remains unclear. Here, we show that two mutant alleles in the At1g71220 locus(More)